Unknown region Historic Sites in Cornwall: Megaliths, Mênhirs and Stone Circles in Cornwall

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Megaliths, Mênhirs and Stone Circles of Cornwall

Advent Triple Barrow

Bronze Age Barrow, Camelford

Grid reference SX137834


Map showing Advent Triple Barrow

Somewhat of a rarity in Cornwall as Triple Barrows are more commonly found further east in Wiltshire. The Advent Triple Barrow has a circumference of about 24 metres and stands about 1.2 metres high. It lies 2 miles east of Camelford, North Cornwall

Ashbury Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Week St. Mary

Grid reference SX228975


Map showing Ashbury Hill Fort

Ashbury Hill Fort lies about 1 mile northwest of Week St. Mary and consists of two concentric ovals. It has diameters of approximately 150 metres on the short axis and 210 metres on the long axis. The ramparts are surrounded by an outer ditch and stand over 3 metres high. There are two entrance ways aligned NW and SE and associated earthworks about 200 metres away to the southeast.

Bake Rings Settlement Enclosure

Iron Age Enclosure, Pelynt

Grid reference SX187549


Map showing Bake Rings Settlement Enclosure

Bake Rings Settlement Enclosure is located about a mile west of Pelynt. The circular one metre high rampart has a diameter of 90 metres with an outer ditch and dates from the Late Iron Age.

Ballowall Barrow

Bronze Age Barrow, St Just

Grid reference SW356312


Map showing Ballowall Barrow

Ballowall Barrow, St Just

Situated on the cliff-tops overlooking the Atlantic Ocean just south of Cape Cornwall. This chambered cairn is quite striking now but when built it must have been very impressive indeed. Dates from the Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age - about 2000 BC to 1000 BC. Nearby mine workings confuse your senses but when tracked down, rest awhile you will not be disappointed.

Bant's Carn

Bronze Age Cairn, St. Mary's

Grid reference SV90981266


Map showing Bant's Carn

Bant's Carn, St. Mary's

Bant's Carn entrance grave lies on the northwestern coast of the Scillonian Island of St. Mary's. Thought to date from the Bronze Age it lies just above the Halangy Downs Iron Age village making visiting both sites a possibility. About 7.5 metres in diameter, its entrance passage is about 5 metres long and is aligned to face the sunrise at the midsummer solstice. It is also aligned to the Long Rock standing stone on Macfarland Downs. Currently in the stewardship of English heritage its plaque reads 'This cairn was the ancestral shrine of a small farming community. At the time when it was built (2000-1500 BC), the Isles of Scilly were all one large island [Ennor] and the settlement overlooked a wide shallow valley to the north. Over-exploitation of the land led to the settlement being abandoned, and the fields became choked with blown sand.'

Barrowfields Round Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow Cemetery, Newquay

Grid reference SW820622


Map showing Barrowfields Round Barrows

The remains of a Bronze Age cemetery on the cliffs at Newquay. Only three of the original eighteen bowl barrows remain and they are in a poor state of repair, resembling low mounds.

Bartinney Castle

Iron Age Enclosure, Sancreed

Grid reference SW394293


Map showing Bartinney Castle

Bartinney Castle Cairn Enclosure lies atop Bartinney Hill, some 224 metres high. Displayed on OS maps as Bartine Castle, the enclosure lies about 700 metres to the northwest of the Carn Euny settlement near the hamlet of Numphra, Sancreed. The circular enclosure approximately 75 metres wide is thought to date from the Iron Age. At its centre lie three closely packed ring cairns.

Beersheba Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, Lelant

Grid reference SW525371


Map showing Beersheba Mênhir

The Beersheba Menhir or long stone lies across the valley north of Trencrom and can be easily accessed by following the St. Michael's Way footpath. It stands 3 metres tall and dates from the Bronze Age.

Berry Castle Enclosure

Neolithic Enclosure, St Neot

Grid reference SX197689


Map showing Berry Castle Enclosure

Berry Castle is roughly rectangular in plan lies on a hilltop about one mile northeast of St. Neot. With dimensions of 110 metres long x 82 metres wide x 1.5 metres high. Not in the best of preservation, the bank appears as a tumble of stones enclosing the sites of eight Neolithic or Early Bronze Age round houses.

Bishop's Wood Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Truro

Grid reference SW829487


Map showing Bishop's Wood Hill Fort

Bishop's Wood Iron Age Hill Fort lies on a hillside within Idless Woods, part of St Clement Forest, just north of Truro. The oval shaped fort has diameters of 167 metres by 150 metres surrounded by a three metre high rampart. This is surrounded by a ditch some 1.5 metres deep with the ramparts cut neatly into thirds by entrances at the west, southeast and northeast sides.

Black Head Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Pentewan

Grid reference SX039479


Map showing Black Head Cliff Castle

Black Head Cliff Castle lies on the south Cornwall coast between Portpean and Pentewan. The finger like headland exhibits three ramparts defending the interior across its narrowest point. The Iron Age ramparts have an average height of over 5 metres and are best preserved on the eastern side.

Black Tor Round House Settlement

Bronze Age Settlement, Temple

Grid reference SX158733


Map showing Black Tor Round House Settlement

Black Tor Round House Settlement lies on Bodmin Moor near the village of Temple. Thought to date from the Bronze Age the settlement covers a wide expanse of open moorland and encloses no fewer than 80 round houses. The houses range in size between 5m and 11m diameter, with walls on average 1 metre high. The majority of the dwellings have south or southeast-facing entrances.

Bleu Bridge Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Gulval

Grid reference SW477318


Map showing Bleu Bridge Inscribed Stone

Bleu Bridge Inscribed Stone lies beside a lane leading from the Penzance to Heamoor Road, some 200 metres northwest of its junction with the B3311 at Trythogga, Gulval. Standing 1.7 metres tall, this 6th century pillar is inscribed with QUENATAUCI IC DINUI FILIUS - 'Quenataucus lies here, of Dinuus, the son'.

Bodrifty Round Houses

Iron Age Settlement, Newmill

Grid reference SW445354


Map showing Bodrifty Round Houses

Bodrifty Round Houses, Newmill

Bodrifty lies just west of Mulfra Quoit and about a kilometre south of Bosporthennis. The Village consists of 6 or 7 circular huts dating from the late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age and so represent a 3000 year old site. First excavated in the 1950's, archaeologists have discovered several differing types and ages of pottery in the settlement indicating that the site was inhabited for between 700 and 1000 years. For more information contact the website at Bodrifty Iron Age Settlement at http://www.bodrifty.co.uk/home.htm.

Boleigh Fogou

Iron Age Fogou, Lamorna

Grid reference SW437252


Map showing Boleigh Fogou

It is thought to date from either the late Bronze Age or early Iron Age and so is only about 3000 years old. A fogou is basically a low tunnel leading to some sort of underground refuge. Their exact use is not known but as very few have any archaeological remains, they are thought to have been used for ceremonial rather than burial purposes. See also Halliggye Fogou near Garras, Helston and the fine example at Carn Euny - Grid ref.SW402288.

Bolster Bank

Post Roman Earthwork, St. Agnes

Grid reference SW705494


Map showing Bolster Bank

Named after the legendary giant of St. Agnes, Bolster Bank is a linear earthwork dating from the 5th or 6th Century. It curves away from the town of St. Agnes passing through Bolster Farm and just to the north of Goonvrea Farm folowing the contour of St. Agnes Beacon. Originally over 2 miles long, the bank has been cut through in a number of places by modern roads and associated settlements. The earthwork attains a height of almost three and a half metres over an infilled ditch about 1 metre deep. When complete the bank is thought to have stretched all the way from Chapel Coombe to Trevaunance Coombe, encircling quite a large tract of land and would have surely been very impressive.

Boscawen-Ün Stone Circle

Bronze Age Stone Circle, St Buryan

Grid reference SW412274


Map showing Boscawen-Ün Stone Circle

A fine Bronze Age stone circle consisting of 19 granite uprights surrounding a leaning 2.4 metre stone set just off-centre. The 'female' stone indicating the western boundary is a large quartz stone that glistens brightly on a sunny day. The circle is set about 1 mile north of St. Buryan just off the main Penzance to Land's End road (A30). It is just over half a mile west of The Blind Fiddler (Grid ref. SW425281) - an impressive Bronze Age mênhir or standing stone some 3 metres tall. Technical Information: Circle Diameter 21-24 metres

Bosiliack Barrow

Neolithic Barrow, Morvah

Grid reference SW431342


Map showing Bosiliack Barrow

Bosilack Barrow lies about 500 metres west of Ding Dong Mine roughly midway between the mine and Lanyon Quoit near the hamlet of Bosiliack. This small chambered barrow is very similar to the neolithic Scillonian entrance graves. It consists of a 5 metre diameter circular mound of stones. The kerb of larger slabs is pierced by a passageway which faces the rising of the midwinter sun after the shortest day of the year.

Boskednan Stone Circle

Neolithic Stone Circle, Morvah

Grid reference SW434351


Map showing Boskednan Stone Circle

Boskednan Stone Circle, Morvah

A stone circle formerly of 19 upright stones set on a hilltop mid-way between Mên-an-Tol and Bodrifty Iron Age Village. Dates from the Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age - about 2000 BC to 1000 BC. The circle has been ravaged by time and nearby mining, so much so that now only 6 uprights remain with 5 others leaning or completely horizontal.

Bosporthennis Beehive Hut

Iron Age Settlement, Porthmeor

Grid reference SW436360


Map showing Bosporthennis Beehive Hut

Bosporthennis Settlement lies just to the east of Carn Galva. Shaped like a beehive, the structure is very similar in size and layout to the huts at Carn Euny. Consisting of an entrance way leading to a cirular chamber some 3 metres in diameter parts of the structure have been rebuilt in modern times to allow access. Nearby structures have also been robbed of their stones to provide rudimentary sheep shelters so an overall idea of this Iron Age settlement is now hard to achieve.

Bosporthennis Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, Porthmeor

Grid reference SW436365


Map showing Bosporthennis Quoit

The quoit is now almost completely collapsed, it is the only known cromlech to be situated in a valley. It dates from about the Neolithic Era. Bosporthennis Hut and Corbelled Passage Grid ref.SW436470, dates from the late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age and so indicates possible habitation in this area for maybe 4000 years. The remains of Bosporthennis Holy Well lie off to the north at Grid ref. SW439363

Bosullow Trehyllys Settlement

Iron Age Settlement, Morvah

Grid reference SW410342


Map showing Bosullow Trehyllys Settlement

Bosullow Trehyllys is a small village of Late Iron Age Courtyard Houses situated at the base of Chûn Hill, about 550 metres northeast of Chûn Castle. It is second only to the nearby village of Chysauster, in terms of preservation. Bosullow Trehyllys remains unexcavated.

Boswens Stone

Bronze Age Menhir, Pendeen

Grid reference SW400329


Map showing Boswens Stone

This Bronze Age standing stone or menhir lies about a mile south of Pendeen. It stands about 2.6 metres high in the middle of a cairn, 12 metres in diameter. The stone lies in an area with a high concentration of ancient monuments with Carn Kenidjack Hut Circles, Chun Quoit and Portheras Barrows all within a kilometer of the site.

Botrea Round Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow, Newbridge

Grid reference SW403312


Map showing Botrea Round Barrows

Botrea Round Barrows lie on the top of a hill just to the south of the A3071 near Jericho Farm. Marked on the OS map as tumuli, the barrows date from the Bronze Age and are aligned north-south. Botrea Menhir and Boswens Common Hut Circles lie within a mile of the site.

Brane Barrow

Neolithic Barrow, Sancreed

Grid reference SW401282


Map showing Brane Barrow

This tomb and Chambered Barrow dates from the Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age - about 2500 BC to 1000 BC and might almost be overlooked on first sight. It lies on private farmland near Crows-an-Wra, mid-way between Carn Euny and Boscawen-Ün. It is largely enveloped by a gorse bush that grows right through the structure. Ask at the farm to visit.Technical Information: Height 0.9m

Brane Barrow

Neolithic Barrow, Sancreed

Grid reference SW402280


Map showing Brane Barrow

Brane Barrow lies to the northwest of Sancreed near the hamlet of Brane to the south of Carn Euny. This little chambered cairn or tomb, lies in a field to the south-west of Brane Farm. It is rather overgrown with a tree growing from its roof and can be easily missed if walking from the east. It is however quite well preserved and worth an inspection. The chamber has a height of 0.9 metres, a width of 1.2 metres and a length of 2.3 metres. The surrounding mound measures 6.1 metres diameter by 2.1 metres high. Its entrance faces 155 degrees SSE in line with the midwinter sunrise.

Breage Roman Milestone

Roman Roman Milestone, Breage

Grid reference SW618285


Map showing Breage Roman Milestone

Breage Roman Milestone lies in the north aisle of St Breaca's Church, Breage. Dating from the 3rd Century AD, it is inscribed in Latin: IMP C DO NO MARC CASSI. The translation is most probably a dedication to the Emperor Marcus Cassianus Latinius Postumus who died in AD268.

Bron Wennyly Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow, Camelford

Grid reference SX159798


Map showing Bron Wennyly Barrows

A pair of Bronze Age Barrows lie on the summit of Brown Willy. The northern barrow is 25 metres in diameter and stands over 3 metres high, the barrow on the southern side has a diameter of 19 metres and stands 1.8 metres high.

Burnt Hill Roundhouses

Iron Age Settlement, St. Martins

Grid reference SV936160


Map showing Burnt Hill Roundhouses

Burnt Hill settlement of roundhouses lies on the north coast of the Scillonian island of St. Martin's. The two low lying houses date from the Iron Age.

Bury Castle Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Cardinham

Grid reference SX135697


Map showing Bury Castle Hill Fort

Bury Castle lies near Higher Treslea about one and a half miles northeast of Cardinham. This Iron Age hill fort is almost circular with a diameter in excess of 140 metres in the north-south axis. The ramparts are quite impressive, as in places they rise to about 4.3 metres.

Bury Down Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Lanreath

Grid reference SX188594


Map showing Bury Down Hill Fort

Bury Down Iron Age Hill Fort lies in aprominent position on the western flank of a hill about 2 km north of Lanreath. The fort consists of two oval ramparts, quite widely spaced with diameters of 170m and 195m. The outer rampart is now very indistinct but the inner retains much of its original structure with a maximum height of 4.5 metres.

Buzza Hill Cairn

Neolithic Cairn, St. Mary's

Grid reference SV906104


Map showing Buzza Hill Cairn

Sitting on top of Buzza Hill above St. Mary's Isles of Scilly, this Chambered Entrance Grave dates from the Neolithic. The cairn was one of a pair on this site, but the building of the Buzza Tower sadly obliterated its partner. The cairn, about 7 metres in diameter has an inner chamber 5.5 metres long but no visible entrance. Only one of the original capstones remains in situ.

Cadson Bury Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, St. Ive

Grid reference SX343674


Map showing Cadson Bury Hill Fort

Cadson Bury Hill Fort lies on the crest of a hill overlooking the Lynher Valley, near St. Ive. Dating from the Iron Age, the oval shaped fort has dimensions of 275 metres by 170 metres. The rampart has a height of 2 metres on the inside. The outer height of the rampart is exagerated by the slope of the hill.

Caer Bran Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Sancreed

Grid reference SW408290


Map showing Caer Bran Hill Fort

The almost circular Caer Bran Hill Fort site, over 60 metres in diameter is thought to date from the Iron Age. It lies just to the south of the Carn Euny settlement, between the hamlets of Brane and Grumbla, Sancreed. On construction the hillfort is thought to have consisted of a 3.6 metre thick inner wall standing 1.8 metres high with an inner ditch up to 13 metres wide. The outer rampart attained a height of 4.5 metres in places with the external ditch up to 2 metres deep. Much of its stonework has been robbed for buildings and the former external ditch has now been largely infilled.

Caer Dane Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Perranzabuloe

Grid reference SW778522


Map showing Caer Dane Hill Fort

The Iron Age Hill Fort of Caer Dane lies near the hamlet of Carnkief near Perranzabuloe. It lies atop a low wooded hill just east of the A3075. Roughly oval in shape, it has diameters of 100 metres by 89 metres. The outer bank achieves a height of 1.5 metres formerly surrounded by a ditch. The inner enclosure also has a rampart some 1.8 metres high with a 0.5 metre outer ditch. Both ramparts have entrances on their western side. There is no public access to the site.

Caervallack Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Mawgan-in-Meneage

Grid reference SW726246


Map showing Caervallack Hill Fort

Excavated by Channel 4's Time Team archaeologists in 2001 and situated near the southern bank of the Helford River, Caervallack is an Iron Age Hill Fort. The fort stans on the side of a hill and is approximately 100 metres in diameter. Its 4.1 metre high rampart is surrounded by an external ditch up to 2.5 metres deep in places. An entrance lies to the northeast.

Calvadnack Settlement

Iron Age Settlement, Four Lanes

Grid reference SW690355


Map showing Calvadnack Settlement

This settlement of round houses lies just under a mile south of the Nine Maidens near Four Lanes. Little now remains of this Iron Age site, and what does remain lies hidden in the undergrowth. Nearby lies a Bronze Age stone cist.

Cardinham Inscribed Stones

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Cardinham

Grid reference SX123687


Map showing Cardinham Inscribed Stones

Two Inscribed Stones lie close to the hamlet of Cardinham. Both are from the Post Roman era. The first lies within the churchyard and has the words 'RANOCORI FILI MESGI' written upon it. This translates from the Latin as RANOCORUS, SON OF MESGUS. The stone lies about 2 metres tall and is thought to be buried to a depth of approoximately 1.5 metres.
The second stone lies near the settlement of Welltown. The following words are inscribed along its length: 'VAILATHI FILI VROCHANI', translated as 'VAILATHUS SON OF UROCHANUS'. The Welltown stone lies 1.5 metres tall.

Carland Round Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow, Mitchell

Grid reference SW845539


Map showing Carland Round Barrows

The remains of over 30 Bronze Age barrows lying to either side of the A30 trunk road at Carland Cross. The largest barrow known as Warren's Barrow, lies to the west of the roundabout and has a diameter of 24 metres by 1.8 metres high.

Carlidnack Round

Roman Round, Mawnan Smith

Grid reference SW782293


Map showing Carlidnack Round

Carlidnack Round lies on private property near Carlidnack Road, Mawnan Smith. The almost circular enclosure overlooks a deep valley that leads down to Maenporth Beach. With dimensions of 120 metres by 110 metres the Round is bounded by a single rampart 4 metres high in some places. It is thought to date from the First Century AD and has a modern house set at its centre.

Carn Brea Neolithic Enclosure

Neolithic Enclosure, Redruth

Grid reference SW686407


Map showing Carn Brea Neolithic Enclosure

Carn Brea Neolithic Enclosure, Redruth

Possibly the most important archaeological site in Cornwall, Carn Brea still has traces of Early Neolithic massive stone walls built to enclose the central and eastern tors of the hill and also a double set of ramparts. Actually termed as a 'Tor Enclosure' by Roger Mercer following his teams excvations in the early 1970's. The massive ramparts, which formerly stood over 2 metres high and 2 metres wide, were constructed with granite facings infilled with granite rubble. The face of the ramparts exhibit regularly spaced uprights linked by sections of horizontal dry-stone walling. In some places the walls peter out to make use of the natural granite outcrops. Parts of the ramparts are still visible today as low rock walls, best seen where the vegetation has been cut back, such as along some of the footpaths.

Carn Euny Settlement

Iron Age Settlement, Sancreed

Grid reference SW403288


Map showing Carn Euny Settlement

Carn Euny Settlement, Sancreed

Carn Euny is the site of an ancient Iron Age village. The nearby Bronze Age fogou is quite spacious unlike many others found in Cornwall. The entrance passageway rapidly increases from 3 to almost 6 feet high in places. A metal grille has been placed in the ceiling of the underground corbelled chamber allowing light to illuminate the interior. It is thought that the underground chamber was built first with the west and east entrances being added later. The settlement is in very good condition - possibly due to its remote location. It lies mid-way between Sancreed and Land's End Aerodrome near the hamlet of Grumbla. In the stewardship of English Heritage.

Carn Kenidjack Tor Enclosure

Neolithic Enclosure, St. Just

Grid reference SW388330


Map showing Carn Kenidjack Tor Enclosure

Carn Kenidjack Tor Enclosure surrounds Carn Kenidjack near St. Just. Like other tor enclosures, it is thought to date from the Neolithic.

Carne Beacon Round Barrow

Bronze Age Barrow, Veryan

Grid reference SW913387


Map showing Carne Beacon Round Barrow

Carne Beacon, near Veryan is one of the largest Bronze Age barrows in the country. It has a diameter of about 33 metres and stands over 6 metres high. When excavated in the mid nineteenth century, a stone kist was found, containing ashes and charcoal.

Carnsew Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Hayle

Grid reference SW557372


Map showing Carnsew Inscribed Stone

One of Cornwall's earliest Inscribed Stones, Carnsew Inscribed Stone dates from between 460 and 500AD. The inscription, now difficult to read originally read 'HIC PACE NUP(ER) REQUIEUIT CUNAIDE HIC IN TUMUL(O) IACIT VIXIT ANNOS XXX III' - which translates as 'Here in peace lately went to rest Cunaide. Here in the tomb she lies. She lived years 33'. The stone is thought to have originally stood 1.8 metres high.

Carvossa Enclosure

Iron Age Enclosure, Probus

Grid reference SW919483


Map showing Carvossa Enclosure

Carvossa is an almost square earthwork located beside the Probus to Grampound road. It is thought to date from the Late Iron Age and to be in use at the time of the coming of the Romams.

Artifacts found at the site include products from the 'celtic' Durotriges people of Dorset as well as products from the mediterranean and Samian Ware used by the Romans.

Carwynnen Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, Troon

Grid reference SW650372


Map showing Carwynnen Quoit

Known locally as the 'Giant's Frying Pan' or 'The Giant's Quoit', this Neolithic Quoit lies in a field just east of the hamlet of Carwynnen southwest of Troon. The quoit lies collapsed on the ground. It initially collapsed in 1834 and was rebuilt, but toppled over again in 1967 during an earth tremor, since when attempts have been made to secure the surrounding land in an effort to save and ultimately rebuild this important monument. The uprights measure about 2.7 metres long and formerly supported the 3.3 x 2.5 metre long capstone.

Castilly Henge

Neolithic Henge, Lanivet

Grid reference SX031627


Map showing Castilly Henge

Castilly Henge is an oval some 66 metres in its long axis. It lies beside the A391 near its junction with the A30 trunk road at Innis Downs, near Lanivet. The earthwork is surrounded by a bank 1.8 metres high and an internal ditch measuring 2.1 metres deep by 5.5 metres wide. The earthwork is aligned north south with an entrance at the northern end and is thought to date from Neolithic times.

Castle an Dinas Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, St. Columb

Grid reference SW946624


Map showing Castle an Dinas Hill Fort

One of Cornwall's best preserved hill forts, Castle an Dinas dates from the Iron Age and is truly outstanding. Approximately 220 metres in diameter the almost circular structure consists of twin ramparts set atop a 200 metre high hill. The impressive inner rampart is over 7 metres high and is cut in six places to fom entrance ways.

Castle Canyke Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Bodmin

Grid reference SX086658


Map showing Castle Canyke Hill Fort

Castle Canyke Hill Fort is rather impressive. From the air it can be seen to be a slightly squashed circle, with a diameter of almost 350 metres at its greatest extent by just over 300 metres along the other axis. It is the largest hill fort in Cornwall and is in a prime location in the middle of Cornwall. The 1 metre deep ditch surrounds ramparts 3 metres high. Some sources speculate that nearby Callywith is actually the Kellywic recorded in Arthurian texts.

Castle Dore Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Golant

Grid reference SX103548


Map showing Castle Dore Hill Fort

An Iron Age fort thought to have been built around about 200 BC and used at several times throughout its 2000 years in existence. It is situated beside a minor road about two miles north of Fowey. Almost circular, the twin ramparts reach a height of almost five metres, surrounded by an outer ditch.

Castle Dore is quite well known in Arthurian texts as it was said to be the 6th century home of King Mark of Cornwall. Where history ends and legend begins is clouded by time. There was however a King of the Dumnonii around this time known as Mark Cunomorus or Mark Cynvawr. He was the father of Tristan (Drustans) whose name appears near Fowey on an inscribed stone. The fort was also occupied to some extent during the seventeenth century in the English Civil War.

Castle Down Cemetery

Bronze Age Cemetery, Tresco

Grid reference SV886160


Map showing Castle Down Cemetery

Castle Down on the north of Tresco, Isles of Scilly is an area of rough moorland and stony outcrops. Located here are no fewer than 78 cairns. The majority simply appear as lowish mounds but some retain parts of their original kerbing and structure. Traces of field boundaries complete this ancient landscape.

Castle Goff Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Camelford

Grid reference SX083826


Map showing Castle Goff Hill Fort

An Iron Age Hill Fort situated just to the northwest of Lanteglos near Camelford. The original earthwork has a diameter of roughly 80 metres and is bounded by a 0.8 metre ditch surrounding an earth rampart some 3.5 metres high. Subsequently more ramparts were added to the west of the structure but these have been largely lost over time.

Castle Kayle Enclosure

Iron Age Enclosure, Fraddam

Grid reference SW584357


Map showing Castle Kayle Enclosure

The little known Castle Kayle lies at Fraddam between Hayle and Leedstown. This Iron Age 'Round' has a circular shape and is approximately 100 metres in diameter. Its single rampart is best preserved on the western section and attains a height of 3 metres.

Castle Pencaire Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Germoe

Grid reference SW59943000


Map showing Castle Pencaire Hill Fort

Castle Pencaire Hill Fort lies on the summit of Tregonning Hill, near Balwest, Germoe. The site has been much disturbed by mining activity and prospecting but enough still remains on its western side to make it worth a visit. Surrounded by twin ramparts, the fort is oval measuring 125 metres by 109 metres, with the outer rampart attaining a height of 2.7 metres. The whole area is dotted with ancient monuments with traces of two Iron Age 'Rounds' as well as over 20 round houses making up a settlement.

Castle-an-Dinas Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Ludgvan

Grid reference SW485350


Map showing Castle-an-Dinas Hill Fort

Castle-an-Dinas Iron Age Hill Fort lies about a mile east of Chysauster. The fort some 133 metres in diameter was made up from four lines of defensive walls. Ranging from indistinct to over 2 metres in height the ramparts are cut by the 18th century folly known as Rogers Tower.

Castlewich Henge

Neolithic Henge, Callington

Grid reference SX371685


Map showing Castlewich Henge

Castlewich Neolithic Henge lies on a hillside about one mile southeast of Callington. It has a diameter of about 90 metres.

Chûn Castle Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Morvah

Grid reference SW405340


Map showing Chûn Castle Hill Fort

Pronounced 'Choon', Chûn Castle Hill Fort lies near Trehyllys Farm on the high ground above Chûn Downs. The hillfort has excellent views of the surrounding countryside as is thought to have controlled one of eight distinct areas of the Lands End Peninsula. The site, 85 metres in diameter, is defended by two massive stone ramparts, ranging from 4.6 metres to 7 metres thick on the western side. The original gate posts still in position. A stone lined well is present in the northern section of the interior.

Chûn Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, Morvah

Grid reference SW402339


Map showing Chûn Quoit

Along with the excellently preserved Iron Age hillfort, the Quoit stands on Chûn Downs about a mile south of Morvah near Pendeen. It lies amongst the highest concentration of ancient monuments in north Penwith. Just to the northeast lies the Iron Age Bosullow Trehyllys village, while less than a mile to the southwest lies Carn Kenidjack and the Tregeseal Dancing Stones at Grid Ref. SW386324. Five miles away to the east lies Castle-an-Dinas Hillfort (Grid ref. SW485350) while 3 miles south lies Caer Bran Hillfort at Grid ref. SW407290. This Quoit is the only structure in the whole Penwith District to retain its original capstone unmoved. It can be reached by footpaths off the Morvah to Madron road or by parking just off the B3318 near the junctions to Pendeen and Trewellard. Technical Information: Height 1.7m.

Chapel Carn Brea

Bronze Age Cairn, Crows-an-Wra

Grid reference SW386280


Map showing Chapel Carn Brea

Chapel Carn Brea, Crows-an-Wra

The 'most westerly hill in Britain'. It is an outstanding landmark dominating the surrounding countryside. From its summit, some 657 feet above sea level it is possible to overlook St. Just to the north, Sennen and Lands End to the west and Mounts Bay to the southeast. There is a ruined Bronze Age Chambered Cairn at the summit as well as the former site of a medieval chapel. A fire beacon is lit here every Midsummer's eve. The hill lies at the western end of Bartinney Downs near the Land's End Aerodrome just northwest of the hamlet of Crows-an-Wra. Do not confuse with Carn Brea hill overlooking the Camborne-Redruth area. In the stewardship of the National Trust since May 1971. There is a reasonable sized car park here from which to explore all nearby monuments.

Chapel Down Cairn

Bronze Age Cairn, St. Martins

Grid reference SV942158


Map showing Chapel Down Cairn

Chapel Down Cairn lies on the northeast coast of the Scillonian Island of St. Martin's. The site contains a prehistoric field system, a number of Bronze Age cairns, an entrance grave (chambered cairn) and a 0.6 metre high statue menhir. Close by lies remnants of a chapel dating from the 8th-10th century. The three foot stone "idol" was discovered early in the last century, lost and found again in 1989 when the bracken caught fire. Seems to be the top half of a statue-menhir similar to those found in Brittany and the Channel Islands.

Chapel Down Statue Mênhir

Iron Age Menhir, St. Martins

Grid reference SV94251595


Map showing Chapel Down Statue Mênhir

Chapel Down Statue Mênhir lies on the northeastern coast of the Scillonian island of St. Martin's. Less than a metre tall, this stone 'idol' is believed to have been broken off from a larger standing stone. It was discovered early in the last century, lost and then found again in 1989 when the covering bracken caught fire. Possibly Iron Age.

Chyenhal Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, Drift

Grid reference SW451275


Map showing Chyenhal Mênhir

Chyenhal Menhir lies southwest of Chyenhal Farm itself southwest of Newlyn. The Bronze Age standing stone is 2.4 metres tall and lies in an area rich in ancient sites, with Kerris and Sheffield Menhirs, Kerris Settlement and Tresvennack Pillar all within easy walking distance.

Chynalls Point Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Coverack

Grid reference SW785174


Map showing Chynalls Point Cliff Castle

Chynalls Point Cliff Castle, Coverack

Chynalls Point Cliff Castle lies on a very prominent southeast facing headland to the south of Coverack. Dating from the Iron Age like its near neighbour Lankidden, this cliff castle is defended by two ramparts across its neck. The outer stands just over a metre high whilst the inner reaches heights of 2.7 metres. Chynhalls is best reached via the coastpath from Coverack.

Chysauster Settlement

Iron Age Settlement, Newmill

Grid reference SW473350


Map showing Chysauster Settlement

Chysauster Settlement, Newmill

This Iron Age Village lies just west of Castle-an-Dinas - Grid ref. SW485350 and is reached by taking the left fork (minor road) off the B3311 at Badger's Cross. It is a good place to start for the beginner. The houses have been well excavated and the enclosed area makes it relatively safe for young children. There is also an (infilled) fogou on the site. It is maintained by English Heritage.

Clapper of Works Cairn

Neolithic Cairn, Gugh

Grid reference SV890079


Map showing Clapper of Works Cairn

Clapper of Works Chambered Cairn lies about 500 meters to the south of The Old Man of Gugh and Obadiah's Barrow. A Scillonian entrance grave, it dates from the Neolithic Age. Four capstones still remain, with the chamber apparently extending the whole 9 metre diameter of the mound. Records state that there are also two round cairns here but thay are not easily distinguished. The whole of the south end of Gugh has about 20 cairns and 2 entrance graves, the other being the Carn of Works.

Condolen Barrow

Bronze Age Barrow, Tintagel

Grid reference SX090872


Map showing Condolen Barrow

Condolen Barrow dates from the Bronze Age and sits on a hill near Tintagel. The barrow has a diameter of about 26 metres and stands almost 3 metres high. A wide ditch once surrounded the barrow, traces of which remain in the present day.

Craddock Moor Stone Circle

Neolithic Stone Circle, Minions

Grid reference SW249718


Map showing Craddock Moor Stone Circle

Craddock Moor Stone Circle lies on Bodmin Moor almost a mile northwest of the Hurlers at Minions. The circle originally thought to number 28 stone now displays just seventeen and, all but one of these lie on the ground. There is a line of sight alignment between Craddock Moor Stone Circle, Stowe's Hill and Tregarrick Tor, indicating quite accurately the position of mid-winter sunset and midsummer sunrise.

Craddock Moor Stone Row

Neolithic Stone Row, Minions

Grid reference SW24377208


Map showing Craddock Moor Stone Row

Craddock Moor Stone Row lies about half a mile northwest of Craddock Moor Stone Circle. The line of 85 stones stretch for over 250 metres and are aligned SW-NE

Crane Castle Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Portreath

Grid reference SW774196


Map showing Crane Castle Cliff Castle

Crane Iron Age Cliff Castle lies on the clifftop about 1.5 miles west of Portreath. Cliff erosion has removed most of the interior so much so that only the two ramparts remain on the cliff edge. The outer rampart is 85 metres long and attains a height of 2.7 metres. The inner rampart, closest the sea stands 2.2 metres high and has an accompany ditch 1.8 metres wide. Please take extreme care if visiting this monument!

Crousa Common Mênhirs

Bronze Age Menhir, St. Keverne

Grid reference SW775201


Map showing Crousa Common Mênhirs

A pair of Bronze Age long stones located on Crousa Common, southwest of St. Keverne. One stone remains upright and measures 1.9 metres tall, its fallen partner is of a similar length.

Crousa Common Round Barrow

Bronze Age Barrow, St. Keverne

Grid reference SW774196


Map showing Crousa Common Round Barrow

This Round Barrow is located on Crousa Common, about 1.5 miles southwest of St. Keverne on the Lizard Peninsula. It is an excellent example measuring 12 metres in diameter by about 1.2 metres high. It dates fom the Bronze Age.

Crowpound Enclosure

Neolithic Enclosure, St. Neot

Grid reference SX174678


Map showing Crowpound Enclosure

Crowpound Enclosure stands beside a crossroads about half a mile west of St. Neot. Roughly rectangular in shape with dimensions of 52m x 40m, with the long axis aligned roughly north-south. It is hard to date accurately due to the lack of any associated archaeological evidence.

Cruther's Hill Cairns

Neolithic Cairn, St. Martins

Grid reference SV930152


Map showing Cruther's Hill Cairns

Cruther's Hill Barrow Cemetery lies near the southern coast of St. Martin's in the Isles of Scilly. The hill has three summits, with a cairn on each, aligned northwest-southeast. The northwestern barrow is the largest with a diameter of 12 metres, the central cairn has a diameter of 8 metres whilst the two conjoined cairns of the southeastern summit have diameters between 4.5 metres and 6 metres. They date from the Neolithic or wearly Bronze Age.

Cubert Common Round Barrow

Bronze Age Barrow, Cubert

Grid reference SW781594


Map showing Cubert Common Round Barrow

Located about a mile north of Cubert lies the Bronze Age Cubert Round Barrow. It has a diameter of over 30 metres and stands allmost 3 metres high.

Cubert Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Cubert

Grid reference SW786577


Map showing Cubert Inscribed Stone

Cubert Inscribed Stone lies built into the west wall of the church at Cubert, near Newquay. It is thought to date from the late sixth century and has the following inscription: CONETOCI FILI TEGERNOMALI - Conetocus son of Tegernomalus.

Cubert Round

Neolithic Round, Cubert

Grid reference SW796574


Map showing Cubert Round

Cubert Round is an ancient circular earthwork, some 70 metres in diameter just outside of Cubert Village. The site is in a poor state of repair with the village road cutting straight through the site from northwest to southeast.

Cuby Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Tregony

Grid reference SW927453


Map showing Cuby Inscribed Stone

Cuby Inscribed Stone lies built into the corner of Cuby Church near Tregony in Mid Cornwall. Its inscription reads: 'NONNITA ERCILIVI RICATI TRIS FILI ERCILINCI' which is translated as 'Nonnita, Ercilius, Ricatus, the three children of Ercilincus'. The stone is thought to date from the late sixth century.

Delinuth Camp Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Camelford

Grid reference SX081830


Map showing Delinuth Camp Hill Fort

Otherwise known as 'The Rounds', Delinuth Camp Hill Fort near Camelford is an Iron Age Hill Fort. It has a diameter of about 150 metres. Its former rampart and ditch are just visible after years of plough damage.

Dingerein Castle Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Gerrans

Grid reference SW882376


Map showing Dingerein Castle Hill Fort

Over 100 metres in diameter, Dingerein Castle Hill Fort is almost circular and has twin ramparts ranging between 2.7 and 3.0 metres high. Its name is thought to come from the Cornish Dyn gerens - which means castle or fort of Gerens (or Gerent). It is situated on the eastern side of the A3078 near Gerrans village.

Dodman Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Gorran

Grid reference SX001399


Map showing Dodman Cliff Castle

Like most Cliff Castles, Dodman Cliff Castle makes excellent use of the landscape. The headland at Dodman Point is surrounded on three sides by the sea with its landward access across its 'neck' controlled by large earth ramparts. In some places the bank attains a height of over six metres with the total area enclosed by the rampart almost 50 acres (20 ha).

Dry Tree Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, Goonhilly

Grid reference SW726212


Map showing Dry Tree Mênhir

Dry Tree Menhir or Long Stone, lies on Goonhilly Downs just outside the perimeter fence of the Goonhilly Downs satellite tracking station. It stands 3.2 metres above ground level with a further 1.3 metres buried in the ground in its last erection in 1928. The stone consists of Gabbro, not found in this area implying that its builders must have transported this massive stone at least two miles from its outcrop on Crousa Downs. Dating from the Bronze Age, the stone is accompanied by three Bronze Age barrows.

Duloe Stone Circle

Bronze Age Stone Circle, Duloe

Grid reference SX236583


Map showing Duloe Stone Circle

Duloe Stone Circle, Duloe

Duloe Stone Circle lies just of the B3254 in Duloe Village. This rather small monument, a squashed circle of eight stones, approximately 12 metres diameter is still quite impressive due to its dazzling stones of white quartzite. Its tallest stone is 2.7 metres in height.

Eathorne Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, Constantine

Grid reference SW746313


Map showing Eathorne Mênhir

This Bronze Age long stone or menhir lies in a field beside the B3291. It stands 2.4 metres high.

Faugan Round Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Drift

Grid reference SW452282


Map showing Faugan Round Hill Fort

Little remains of this Iron Age Hill Fort near Rose Farm, Chyenhal. Two widely spaced circular ramparts with a diameter of about 120 metres.

Fernacre Stone Circle

Bronze Age Stone Circle, Camelford

Grid reference SX144799


Map showing Fernacre Stone Circle

Fernacre Stone Circle, Camelford

Located on a flat area in the saddle of land that separates Rough Tor from Brown Willy, lies the Bronze Age Stone Circle of Fernacre. The circle consists of over fifty stones, with about two-thirds still standing. A birds eye view of Fernacre can be gained by looking southwest about threequarters of a kilometre from the summit of Rough Tor.

Four Barrows Round Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow, Silverwell

Grid reference SW762248


Map showing Four Barrows Round Barrows

The four Bronze Age round barrows at Silverwell, near Chiverton Cross lie on either side of the A30 trunk road. One three metre high barrow lies to the north of the road whilst the other three, all similar in size, lie to the south.

Gûn Rith Mênhir

Neolithic Menhir, Lamorna

Grid reference SW429245


Map showing Gûn Rith Mênhir

Gûn Rith Mênhir, Lamorna

This rather impressive 3.2 metre standing stone stands just across the road from Tregiffian Barrow and the Merry Maidens Stone Circle at Boleigh, near Lamorna. Thought to date from the Neolithic, the stone has fallen several times in its history. It has now been re-erected with its base set in granite and concrete.

Garrow Tor Roundhouses

Bronze Age Settlement, St Breward

Grid reference SX145785


Map showing Garrow Tor Roundhouses

Garrow Tor Roundhouses lie near St. Breward about 500 metres from King Arthur's Hall. Mainly on the eastern slope of the Tor, the settlement exhibits numerous round houses and field structures. Archaeological work here has provided many artifacts including pottery, beads and bangles as well as quern stones dating from the Middle to Late Bronze Age.

Gear Settlement

Iron Age Settlement, Mawgan-in-Meneage

Grid reference SW721248


Map showing Gear Settlement

Excavated by Channel 4's Time Team archaeologists in 2001 and situated near the southern bank of the Helford River, Gear Settlement Enclosure is located near to Caervallack Iron Age Hill Fort. The settlement covers approximately 15 acres and dates from the Iron Age.

Giant's Castle, Porth Hellick

Iron Age Cliff Castle, St. Mary's

Grid reference SV925101


Map showing Giant's Castle, Porth Hellick

The Giant's Castle, at Porth Hellick lies to the east of St. Mary's airport on the southeast of the island. The headland is protected by no less than four lines of defence, the outer rampart 1 metre high, the next rampart stands 1.2 metres high whilst the third stands 1.6 metres high. The inner rampart makes full use of the terrain and has a rampart 2 metres high. Artifacts found at the site date Giant's Castle to about 300 BC - the middle of the Iron Age.

Giant's Hedge Earthwork

Post Roman Earthwork, Looe

Grid reference SX141572


Map showing Giant's Hedge Earthwork

The Giant's Hedge is a massive earthwork lying between Lerryn and Looe, a distance of almost 10 miles. Sadly now broken into sections, the longest being the 5.5 miles between Lerryn and the hamlet of Muchlarnick. The earthwork is thought to date from post Roman times and may have been the boundary of an ancient tribal kingdom.

Goodaver Stone Circle

Bronze Age Stone Circle, Bolventor

Grid reference SX210752


Map showing Goodaver Stone Circle

Goodaver Stone Circle lies on the top of a hill near Bolventor. Dating from the Bronze Age, it has an approximate diameter of 32 metres. Threequarters of the original stones remain upright.

Great Arthur Cairns

Neolithic Cairn, Great Arthur

Grid reference SV942135


Map showing Great Arthur Cairns

Great Arthur Cairns lie on the Scillonian island of Great Arthur, part of the Eastern Isles. Situated on the top of the hill lie three entrance graves and two cairns. The entrance grave is situated on the highest point. The 7.3 metre diameter cairn has a chamber 3.6 metres long. Three of the original capstones still remain.

Great Hill Cairns

Neolithic Cairn, Tean

Grid reference SV909166


Map showing Great Hill Cairns

Situated on Great Hill at the northern end of the Scillonian island of Tean lies a Neolithic Chambered cairn measuring 7.6 metres in diameter. Its chamber, 3.3 metres long has none of its capstones remaining. Nearby lies another Chambered Cairn, 6.7 metres in diameter.

Griffin's Point Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Mawgan Porth

Grid reference SW842664


Map showing Griffin's Point Cliff Castle

Griffin's Point Cliff Castle lies between Mawgan Porth and Watergate Bay on the North Cornish Coast. Dating from the Iron Age, three ramparts enclose a small clifftop area

Gurnard's Head Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Porthmeor

Grid reference SW433385


Map showing Gurnard's Head Cliff Castle

Gurnard's Head Cliff Castle, Porthmeor

Gurnard's Head Cliff Castle lies on the fish-shaped Gurnard's Head near Zennor. Dating from the Iron Age, the headland is protected by two ruinous ramparts at its narrowest point. The 60 metre long banks are between 1.2 metres and 1.8 metres high, with the inner rampart some 3 metres thick. The area enclosed by the defences is almost 8 acres (3 ha.) and previous excavation has discovered 16 round houses in the interior with artifacts dating to the 2nd cntury BC.

Gweal Hill Cairns

Bronze Age Cairn, Bryher

Grid reference SV871149


Map showing Gweal Hill Cairns

Gweal Hill Cairns lie on the Scillonian island of Bryher, just to the west of the Hell Bay Hotel. The cairns, probably dating from the Bronze Age are in a poor state of preservation and are indistinct on the ground. Nearby lies a ruined entrance grave.

Halangy Down Village

Iron Age Settlement, St. Mary's

Grid reference SV910124


Map showing Halangy Down Village

Halangy Down Village, St. Mary's

lies on the northwestern coast of the Scillonian Island of St. Mary's. Thought to date from the Iron Age, Halangy Down Village lies just below the Bronze Age Bant's Carn making visiting both sites a possibility. In a picturesque position overlooking the sea, this settlement resembles the mainland village at Chysauster, near Penzance. Thought to overlay an earlier Bronze Age settlement, there is one courtyard house and other interconnected oval houses with a probable occupation period of 500 years.

Hall Rings Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Pelynt

Grid reference SX214555


Map showing Hall Rings Hill Fort

Hall Rings Iron Age Hill Fort lies almost a mile northeast of Pelynt Church. Like many forts Hall Rings stands on a spur of land overlooking a valley. Not in the best state of preservation, only the southwestern section remains visible. The fort comprises two concentric rings of about 145 metres diameter, surrounded by external ditches. Lies nea to the Bake Rings Settlement enclosure.

Halliggye Fogou

Iron Age Fogou, Garras

Grid reference SW877254


Map showing Halliggye Fogou

Halliggye Fogou, Garras

Halliggye Fogou, or underground dwelling, lies on the Trelowarren Estate near Garras, outside Helston. It consists of a long narrow tunnel leading to three sectioned chambers. Cornwall's largest fogou, Halliggye dates from the Iron Age and has over 39 metres of passageways. [Image copyright of Jim Champion]

Hangman's Barrow

Bronze Age Barrow, Four Lanes

Grid reference SW673367


Map showing Hangman's Barrow

Hangman's Barrow is a large Bronze Age cairn some 20 metres in diameter by 3 metres high. The barrow lies on the B3280 about 200 metres southwest of the Troon turning.

Helman Tor Enclosure

Neolithic Enclosure, Lanlivery

Grid reference SX061617


Map showing Helman Tor Enclosure

Helman Tor Enclosure lies on the western flank of Helman Tor. Thought to date from Neolithic times, the low rocky banks enclose the tops of the tor and include at least one round house within an ancient field system. In structure it closely resembles Carn Brea above Redruth

Helsbury Castle Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Michaelstow

Grid reference SX083796


Map showing Helsbury Castle Hill Fort

The Iron Age Helsbury Castle Hill Fort lies just over 2 miles to the south of Camelford in North Cornwall. The fort is roughly oval in shape with its long axis being about 170 metres long. On the east side an entrance exists leading to a rectangular earthwork, also with an eastern entrance. Ramparts surrounding the fort attain a height of 4.0 metres. In the middle of the fort lie the ruins of a medieval chapel known as St. Syth's Chapel.

Hensbarrow Round Barrow

Bronze Age Barrow, Roche

Grid reference SW997575


Map showing Hensbarrow Round Barrow

Hensbarrow Round Barrow lies almost two miles southeast of Roche deep in China Clay Country. It stands 312 metres up on the highest point of the surrounding land and has been used as a beacon in the past. The Bronze Age structure is quite impressive in itself, standing 5.4 metres high and with a diameter in excess of 35 metres.

Higher Drift Mênhirs

Bronze Age Menhir, Drift

Grid reference SW437283


Map showing Higher Drift Mênhirs

Higher Drift Menhirs are a pair of longstones or standing stones otherwise known as 'The Sisters' or the 'Triganeeris Stones'. They are located near the village of Drift, northwest of Penzance. The stones stand 2.7 metres and 2.3 metres in height, and are 5.5 metres apart. The larger of the two stones, which is also the farthest from the road, is said to resemble a lady wearing a cloak. They date from the Bronze Age. Access: The Sisters can be seen from the A30. There is a handy lay-by and easy access through the field, where they stand less than 100 yards from the gate.

Hurlers Stone Circles

Bronze Age Stone Circle, Minions

Grid reference SX258714


Map showing Hurlers Stone Circles

Hurlers Stone Circles, Minions

Possibly one of the most well known ancient monuments in Cornwall. Situated just to the northwest of the moorland village of Minions on Bodmin Moor. Dating from the Bronze Age the three circles lie close to each other and are aligned in a NNE direction. The northernmost circle has 15 stones present out of an original 24, although four are not upright. The circle, approximately 35 metres in diameter is the most circular of the three rings.
The middle ring is less circular and has diameters varying between 41 and 43 metres. Only half of the original 29 stones remain standing.
The southernmost circle has less than a third of its 29 stones remaining in a circle of 33 metre diameter. Nearby lie the Pipers, a pair of 2 metre tall standing stones of unknown date and origin.

Innisidgen Upper Cairn

Bronze Age Cairn, St. Mary's

Grid reference SV921128


Map showing Innisidgen Upper Cairn

Innisidgen Upper Cairn, St. Mary's

The are two Entrance Graves at Innisidgen overlooking Crow Sound on the northeast coast of St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly. Dating from the Bronze Age, the upper cairn is in a good state of preservation. It has an overall diameter of 8 metres with a chamber 5.5 metres long. Five capstones cover the chamber which is aligned towards the southeast, winter solstice sunrise.

Kelly Rounds Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Wadebridge

Grid reference SX019736


Map showing Kelly Rounds Hill Fort

Kelly Rounds also known as Castle Killibury is an Iron Age Hill Fort situated about one and a half miles northeast of Wadebridge. Roughly circular in shape, the fort has a diameter of over 220 metres. The best preserved section lies on the northern side, with ramparts up to 3.0 metres high.

Kelsey Head Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Cubert

Grid reference SW765608


Map showing Kelsey Head Cliff Castle

Kelsey Head Cliff Castle lies on the northern section of Kelsey head near Holywell Bay. The headland is bounded by a V-shaped rampart standing 1.5 metres high with an external ditch. The rampart encloses an area of almost 2.5 acres (1 Hectare) and is appoximately 220 metres long.

Kenidjack Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, St Just

Grid reference SW355326


Map showing Kenidjack Cliff Castle

Kenidjack Cliff Castle lies on a rocky headland and is best approached from the coastpath. The headland is divided by a central spine. The southern area offers little area for settlement but also makes the site easily defendable. The northern section has a little more space, with the site of two round houses. The interior also defended by three ramparts ranging between 2.1 metres and 3.3 metres high. The site of this Iron Age Castle is thought to have been pre-dated by a Neolithic Axe Factory.

Kenidjack Holed Stones

Neolithic Holed Stone, St. Just

Grid reference SW390326


Map showing Kenidjack Holed Stones

Situated near to Truthwall Common Cairns at St. Just, lies a row of holed stones. Four of the stones are standing, while a fifth is fallen and broken. Another holed stone lies to the north-west. There purpose and alignment is not known as over the centuries they have been moved a number of times. They are thought to date from the Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age.

King Arthur's Downs Stone Circle

Bronze Age Stone Circle, St Breward

Grid reference SX135775


Map showing King Arthur's Downs Stone Circle

King Arthur's Downs Stone Circles lies to the south east of King Arthur's Hall earthwork. This pair of Bronze Age stone circles have diameters of about 23 metres. The more complete western circle has about ten stones of which only two are still standing. The eastern ring has only six of its former stones still standing.

King Arthur's Hall

Neolithic Earthwork, St. Breward

Grid reference SX130777


Map showing King Arthur's Hall

King Arthur's Hall is a large rectangular earthwork on Bodmin Moor. The structure, thought to date from the Neolithic, has dimnsions of 48 metres by 21 metrea and has a North-South orientation. It is best reached by footpath from St Breward.

King Doniert's Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, St. Cleer

Grid reference SX236688


Map showing King Doniert's Stone

King Doniert's Stone, St. Cleer

King Doniert's Inscribed Stone lies on moorland at Redgate near St. Cleer. The walled area offers a chance to inspect the pair of stones here at your leisure. The intricately carved stones resemble parts of a tall cross: A shaft and a base. The base is inscribed DONIERT ROGAVIT PRO ANIMA which translates as 'Doniert ordered this (memorial) for (the sake of) his soul'. Doniert is thought to be synonymous with Dungarth, a 9th century king of Cornwall.

Kittern Hill

Neolithic Cairn, Gugh

Grid reference SV888087


Map showing Kittern Hill

Kittern Hill on Gugh has the remains of three Neolithic chambered cairns. Not in the best state of preservation, they are still worth a visit if in the area.

Knackyboy Cairn

Bronze Age Cairn, St. Martins

Grid reference SV923158


Map showing Knackyboy Cairn

Knackyboy Chambered Cairn lies near the southern coast of the Scillonian Island of St. Martin's. Situated just to the south of Middle Town, the cairn is in a poor state of preservation. Measuring over 15 metres in diameter, the cairn was first excavated in 1912 when over 200 kg of pottery including Bronze Age urns was discovered.

Kynance Gate Round Houses

Bronze Age Settlement, Kynance Cove

Grid reference SW688139


Map showing Kynance Gate Round Houses

The settlement at Kynance Gate lies about half a mile up the valley from Kynance Cove. Two groups of Bronze Age Round Houses lie about 60 metres apart. The northern group consists of five houses each with a diameter of about 9 metres. The southern group consists of 8 huts.

Lancarffe Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Bodmin

Grid reference SX082689


Map showing Lancarffe Inscribed Stone

Lancarffe Inscribed Stone lies a mile northeast of Bodmin. Dating from the 5th or 6th century AD, the stone is part of a farm building. The inscription reads DVNOCATI HIC IACIT FILI MERCAGNI, translating as Dunocatus lies here,son of Mercagnus.

Lanivet Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Lanivet

Grid reference SX039642


Map showing Lanivet Inscribed Stone

Lanivet Inscribed Stone now stands within Lanivet church. Thought to date from the sixth century AD, the metre tall stone bears the inscription 'ANNICV FIL' which translates to 'Annicus son...'

Lankidden Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Coverack

Grid reference SW755166


Map showing Lankidden Cliff Castle

Lankidden Iron Age cliff castle lies on a south-facing headland approximately a mile east of Kennack Sands. The interior is defended by a single rampart some 4 metres high and an external ditch, now largely infilled, of about 60cm in depth. The area is best accessed via the coastpath from Kennack Sands or Coverack.

Lanteglos Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Camelford

Grid reference SX088824


Map showing Lanteglos Inscribed Stone

Located within the churchyard of Lanteglos by Camelford. Its Saxon inscription reads: AELSELD 7 GENERED WOHTE DYSNE SYBSTEL FOR AELWINES SOVL 7 HEYSEL which translates as 'Aelseth and Genereth wrought this memorial stone for Aelwine's soul and for themselves'. The stone dates from the 10th century.

Lanyon Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, Madron

Grid reference SW430337


Map showing Lanyon Quoit

Lanyon Quoit, Madron

One of the oldest and probably most photographed ancient sites in West Cornwall. Dating from about Over 10000 BC to 2000 BC, this Quoit or Cromlech was constructed during the Late Mesolithic to Early Neolithic period. It is situated beside the Morvah-Madron road just northwest of Madron Well at Grid ref. SW446328 and lies about Over 1000 metres from the now collapsed West Lanyon Quoit - Grid ref. SW423338. It was reconstructed by a Lieutenant Goldsmith after the capstone, weighing about 13½ tons toppled in the great storm of Autumn 1812. Technical Information: Height 1.8-2.1m

Largin Castle Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, West Taphouse

Grid reference SX169646


Map showing Largin Castle Hill Fort

Situated within Largin Wood on a spur of a hill above the Fowey River. It has twin ramparts and an internal diameter of about 100 metres by 70 metres. The inner rampart attains a height of almost 3 metres in places and has an entrance way on its southern side.

Leaze Stone Circle

Bronze Age Stone Circle, St Breward

Grid reference SX137773


Map showing Leaze Stone Circle

Near St Breward on the northwestern flanks of Bodmin Moor, Leaze Bronze Age Stone Circle lies about 250 metres southeast of King Arthur's Downs Stone Circle. Originally the circle is thought to have consisted of 22 stones, now only 14 remain in a circle with a diameter of just under 25 metres.

Lesingey Round Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Penzance

Grid reference SW453304


Map showing Lesingey Round Hill Fort

Lesingey Hill Fort lies on the eastern fringes of Penzance near Castle Horneck. Dating from the Iron Age, this hill fort has a diameter of just under 80 metres and is defended by a single rampart 3.7 metres high. The site is surrounded by a modern circular stone wall.

Leskernick Stone Circles

Neolithic Stone Circle, Bodmin

Grid reference SX188796


Map showing Leskernick Stone Circles

A pair of stone circles lying just to the west of Bolventor. The southern circle has a diameter of just over 30 metres. However, of the 22 former stones only one remains upright and that is little more than a stump. Approximately 300 metres to the northwest lies another circle with at least 18 stones still visible.

Lesquite Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, Lanivet

Grid reference SX071628


Map showing Lesquite Quoit

This ruined quoit or dolmen lies beside a minor road off the B3269 near Trebyan, Lanivet. Otherwise known as the Lanivet Quoit or Trebyan Quoit, the structure is recorded as fallen as early as 1858. The five metre long capstone lies propped up against an upright almost two metres tall.

Lewannick Inscribed Stones

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Launceston

Grid reference SX276807


Map showing Lewannick Inscribed Stones

Situated near Launceston, one of the Inscribed Stones lies in the churchyard whilst the other is housed inside the church. Both have inscriptions in Ogam as well as Latin and are thought to date from the early 6th Century. The churchyard stone displays INGENVI MEMORIA - 'To the memory of Ingennus'. The stone within the church has the inscription ..C IACIT VLCAGNI - '(here) lies Ulcagnus'

Long Rock Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, St. Mary's

Grid reference SV914124


Map showing Long Rock Mênhir

Situated on Macfarland Downs, at the northern end of St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly, the Long Rock Menhir or standing stone is not immediately apparent. It lies in woodland to the east of Bant's Carn and stands 2.5 metres tall. It has been dated to the Bronze Age.

Longstone Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, Roche

Grid reference SW987601


Map showing Longstone Mênhir

Otherwise known as the Menevegar Mnhir, this Bronze Age standing stone used to be situated on Longstone Downs, St. Austell but was moved due to the expansion plans of a china clay pit. It now stands on a green at the junction of Fore Street and Harmony Road, Roche. Its plaque states that it was moved in August 1970.

Louden Hill Stone Circle

Bronze Age Stone Circle, Camelford

Grid reference SX132795


Map showing Louden Hill Stone Circle

Louden Hill Stone Circle lies to the southwest of Rough Tor on the outskirts of Camelford. This Bronze Age circle lay undiscovered until the mid 1970s. Currently the circle exhibits one standing stone in a ring of sixteen fallen or broken others. Research indicates that the stone circle may have originally consisted of up to 39 stones in a roough circle of about 45 metres.

Lower Boscaswell Fogou

Iron Age Fogou, Pendeen

Grid reference SW37673484


Map showing Lower Boscaswell Fogou

Located just 900 metres northeast of Pendeen Fogou, Boscaswell is an above ground fogou in a poor state. It is covered by a large overgrown earth and stone bank. All that remains of the main passage is a stretch just over 2 metres long with height and width each about 1.8 metres. The passage opens to the west and the chamber is still covered by two large capstones. A roofed 1.48 metre long creep passage opens off to the south-west. Known locally as Giants Hole, the site is rather hard to find as it lies in the corner of a field and initially just looks like a hole in a hedge. It is thought to have been in this state for at least the last 50 years.

Lower Innisidgen

Bronze Age Cairn, St. Mary's

Grid reference SV922127


Map showing Lower Innisidgen

Lower Innisidgen, St. Mary's

The are two Entrance Graves at Innisidgen overlooking Crow Sound on the northeast coast of St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly. The lower chamber is in a poor state of preservation. It has an oval mound of about 8 metres in diameter with just two of the original capstones remaining. The chamber is aligned facing south.

Mên Gurta

Bronze Age Menhir, Wadebridge

Grid reference SW968683


Map showing Mên Gurta

Otherwise known as Men Gurta, this standing stone, originally 5 metres high, is set in countryside in a field next to the the turbines of St. Breock Wind Farm. Access is at any reasonable time. Location: St Breock Downs, 3.75 miles SW of Wadebridge off the unclassified road to Rosenannon.

Another long stone located about 500 metres to the east at grid reference SW973683 stands 2.1 metres high on the hills of St Breock Downs. The views from this windswept spot are amazing and panoramic. The stone is made from the same felspar as Men Gurta. Further west along the Saints Way coast to coast footpath, is a barrow cemetery that is now open to the public thanks to a new access initiative.

Mên Scryfa

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Morvah

Grid reference SW427353


Map showing Mên Scryfa

Mên Scryfa, Morvah

Mên Scryfa or the 'Inscribed stone' is situated on level ground near to Mên-an-Tol (Grid ref. SW426349). It is possibly the site of a burial of a prominent Romano-Celtic chieftain. Its inscription reads 'Rialobran Cunovali Fili' - or 'here lies Rialvran (Royal Raven) son of Cunoval'....although the words at the base of the stone now lie below ground level. Approaching from the trackway there appears to be an alignment to a groove in Carn Galver a kilometre further north. It is thought that the inscription may have been made on a far old Neolithic menhir, but this is yet to be proven.


Neolithic Holed Stone, Morvah

Grid reference SW426349


Map showing Mên-an-Tol

Mên-an-Tol, Morvah

Also known as the 'Crick Stone' or 'The holed stone'. Situated on Burnt Downs near the Morvah-Madron road. It was at one time thought to have magical powers - a child with rickets might be cured if it was passed through the centre three times. Unfortunately its layout was altered sometime in the last few centuries so that any alignment with Sun or stars is no longer possible.

Maen Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Land's End

Grid reference SW34762576


Map showing Maen Cliff Castle

Maen Cliff Castle, Land's End

Maen Cliff Castle lies on a small rocky headland at Mayon Cliff between Sennen Cove and Land's End. It is one of the oldest cliff castles in Cornwall and is defended by a substantial stone wall, ditch and bank. The ditch is best preserved on the northern side of the headland, where the bank is revetted with large granite blocks. The posts marking the narrow entrance still stand. The headland's rocky interior means that there was little room for occupation however. The site is a short walk up from the car park at Sennen Cove and is best accessed along the coast path, keeping to marked paths to reduce erosion. The land is owned by the National Trust and the usual metal NT omega indicates the site.

Mawgan Cross Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Mawgan-in-Meneage

Grid reference SW707249


Map showing Mawgan Cross Inscribed Stone

Mawgan Cross Inscribed Stone stands 1.9 metres tall and lies in the middle of Mawgan-in-Meneage village on a small green. It dates from the sixth century and is inscribed with the following text: CNEGUMI GILI GENAIUS - Cunegumus son of Genaius.


Neolithic Cairn, Menawethan

Grid reference SV95531366


Map showing Menawethan

A cairn lies on this tiny island, on the south east of the Eastern Isles, at Grid Reference SV9553 1366.

Menheer Farm Roman Milestone

Roman Roman Milestone, St. Day

Grid reference SW719421


Map showing Menheer Farm Roman Milestone

The Roman Milestone at Menheer Farm near Redruth records the making, or much more likely, the repair of a section of military road. This was an official job, done in the name of Emperor Gordian III (AD 238 – 244). It was discovered during ploughing in 1942 and dates from about 240AD, making it one of the earliest Roman milestones in Cornwall.

Merry Maidens Stone Circle

Neolithic Stone Circle, Lamorna

Grid reference SW433245


Map showing Merry Maidens Stone Circle

Merry Maidens Stone Circle, Lamorna

Probably one of the best known stone circles of the Land's End Peninsula, due largely to its proximity to the resorts of Mousehole and Porthcurno. Dates from the Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age - about 2500 BC to 1000 BC. The 19 stone circle offers a quick introduction to ancient Cornwall with little effort from the curious visitor. Two small car parks offer easy access to the site - no yomping across moorland here! Technical Information: Circle Diameter 23m; Height of Stones: 1.2m average

Middle Arthur Cairns

Neolithic Cairn, Middle Arthur

Grid reference SV939138


Map showing Middle Arthur Cairns

There are two entrance graves situated on the top of the hill. Quite well preserved, the northern site consists of a cairn 6.1 metres in diameter, with its chamber 4 metres in length and one metre in width. It is aligned to the southeast, to face the winter solstice sunrise.

Fifteen metres to the south lies another cairn some 3.2 metres in diameter with a chamber 2.4 metres long and 1.2 metre wide. This site was excavated in 1953 and a female skeleton was unearthed along with some pottery.

Moorgate Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, Camelford

Grid reference SX113820


Map showing Moorgate Mênhir

The 3 metre tall Moorgate Menhir stands in a field near the hamlet of Moorgate, southeast of Camelford. This thin granite stone is thought to be early Bronze Age.

Mount Charles Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, St. Austell

Grid reference SX030521


Map showing Mount Charles Mênhir

Mount Charles Menhir lies in the grounds of School on the A3061 near St. Austell. Otherwise known as 'The Longstone', this Bronze Age granite Menhir stands 3.5 metres tall on the former Gwallon Downs prehistoric site.

Mount Flagon Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, St. Mary's

Grid reference SV90931093


Map showing Mount Flagon Mênhir

Mount Flagon Mênhir or standing stone lies beside an X-shaped shipping daymark adjacent to the Tudor fortifications known as Harry's Walls above Porthmellon beach at St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly. The 2.8 metre stone is thought to have previously had a cairn surrounding it.

Mulfra Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, Newmill

Grid reference SW452354


Map showing Mulfra Quoit

Mulfra Quoit, Newmill

Mulfra Quoit, a quoit with its capstone lying against the three uprights. Dates from the Late Mesolithic to Neolithic Era, about Over 10000 BC to 2000 BC some thousand years earlier than Ballowall Barrow. Set high on a hill near the hamlet of Newmill, overlooking the patchwork fields below. Grid ref. SW452354. Technical Information: Height 1.7m.

Just to the south of the Quoit lie the ruined remains of a group of Iron Age Courtyard Houses at Grid ref. SW453349

Nance Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Portreath

Grid reference SW664450


Map showing Nance Hill Fort

Nance Hill Fort lies on a hillside at the junction of two valleys above Portreath. This Iron Age hill fort is oval in shape and has a diameter of 116 metres by 104 metres. It is protected by a single rampart some 1.8 metres high with a partial 2 metre high bank protecting its southwest section.

Nanscowe Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Wadebridge

Grid reference SW96897080


Map showing Nanscowe Inscribed Stone

Nanscowe Inscribed Stone lies near Nanscowe Farm at Whitecross just west of Wadebridge. The stone stands 1.3 metres high and bears the inscription ULCAGNI FILI on one side and SEVERI on the other - translating as 'Ulcagnus son... (of) Severus' The stone dates from the 6th Century AD.

Nanstallon Roman Fort

Roman Roman Fort, Bodmin

Grid reference SX034670


Map showing Nanstallon Roman Fort

Formerly thought to have been the only Roman Fort in Cornwall, Nanstallon Roman Fort lies at Tregear Farm near Bodmin. Measuring 97 metres by 87 metres, the fort is orientated north-south. Excavated between 1965 and 1969, the fort was surrounded by ramparts and a ditch as you would expect but much of the archaeology has been obscured by modern field walls. Artifacts recovered suggest that the fort was occupied between 60-80AD.

Nine Maidens Stone Row

Bronze Age Stone Row, St Columb

Grid reference SW937676


Map showing Nine Maidens Stone Row

Nine Maidens Stone Row lies on the eastern side of the A39 Atlantic Highway, just north of the Padstow roundabout at Winnard's Perch. The site was once thought to be the only stone row in Cornwall, prior to others being discovered on Bodmin Moor. As expected, the row consists of nine stones aligned southwest to northeast, with six remaining upright. The stones range in height from 1 metre to 1.9 metres although the northernmost fallen stone is 3.0 metres long. The site is aligned to a former longstone or menhir some 500 metres away to the northeast.

Nine Maidens, Wendron

Bronze Age Stone Circle, Wendron

Grid reference SW681365


Map showing Nine Maidens, Wendron

One of a number of sites in Cornwall named Nine Maidens, the stone circle at Wendron, near Helston dates from the Bronze Age. The remnants of two former stone circles, only nine stones remain, from an unknown original number. The site lies in a field on the east of the minor B3267 road about threequarters of a mile south of its junction with the B3280.

Nine Stones Stone Circle

Bronze Age Stone Circle, Launceston

Grid reference SX236782


Map showing Nine Stones Stone Circle

Nine Stones Stone Circle lies near North Hill, on the eastern flank of Bodmin Moor. The circle has a diameter of about 15 metres, its eight remaining stones ranging from 1.0 metre to 1.3 metres high. It is thought to date from the Early Bronze Age.

Nornour Roundhouses

Bronze Age Settlement, Nornour

Grid reference SV944148


Map showing Nornour Roundhouses

The Scillonian island of Nornour, lies at the northern extremity of the Eastern Isles, just to the south of St. Martin's. A settlement of roundhouses was discovered here in the 1960's and is believed to date from the middle of the Bronze Age. The site was excavated between 1968 and 1970, unearthing over 250 brooches, Roman coins, glass beads, bronze bracelets and rings amongst the 11 houses. The finds indicating a prolonged period of occupation.

North Hill Cairns

Neolithic Cairn, Samson

Grid reference SV877131


Map showing North Hill Cairns

There are seven cairns and nine Entrance Graves on North Hill on the northern end of the Scillonian island of Samson to the west of St. Mary's. The best preserved is an Entrance Grave, first excavated in 1930. It has a diameter of 8 metres and is 4.5 metrs in length. Its entrance faces due east the direction of the equinox sunrise.

Northwethel Entrance Grave

Neolithic Entrance Grave, Northwethel

Grid reference SV89601628


Map showing Northwethel Entrance Grave

Northwethel Entrance Grave lies on a hill on the southeast end of the Scillonian island of Northwethel. It has a diameter of 5.5 metres with a chamber 3 metres by 1.4 metres wide. Its entrance faces due east, the spring equinox sunrise.

Obadiah's Barrow

Neolithic Cairn, Gugh

Grid reference SV888085


Map showing Obadiah's Barrow

Obadiah's Barrow is better described as a chambered cairn or entrance grave. It lies on the southwestern side of Kittern Hill on the Scillonian island of Gugh. The barrow has a diameter of 7.3 metres with a passage measuring 4.9 metres by 1.5 metres. The barrow formerly had six capstones but two have sadly fallen into the chamber. Its entrance is aligned to the southeast, where the midwinter solstice sun rises. Excavations carried out in 1901 unearthed parts of a male skeleton as well as cremated ashes and 12 inverted urns. The barrow dates from the Neolithic Age and is named after local farmer Obadiah Hicks.

Old Man of Gugh

Bronze Age Menhir, Gugh

Grid reference SV891085


Map showing Old Man of Gugh

The Old Man of Gugh is a Bronze Age standing stone situated about 300 metres east of Obadiah's Barrow on Gugh. The longstone or menhir stands 2.4 metres tall and leans to the northeast. The area below the stone was excavated in 1900 but nohing was found.

Padderbury Top Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Liskeard

Grid reference SX314611


Map showing Padderbury Top Hill Fort

Situated near Doddycross, Menheniot, this Iron Age hill fort has an outer diameter of approximately 130 metres. Its ramparts and bank form a structure almost 3 metres high with a small entrance on the eastern side.

Pawton Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, Wadebridge

Grid reference SW966696


Map showing Pawton Quoit

Situated two miles south east of Wadebridge, Pawton Quoit liess in a field near Haycrock Farm. Dating from the Neolithic, the Quoit or Dolmen consists of a massive capstone sitting atop nine uprights. The enclosed chamber has dimensions of 2.3 metres by 1.1 metre.

Pelynt Round Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow, Pelynt

Grid reference SX200544


Map showing Pelynt Round Barrows

Pelynt Round Barrow Cemetery lies just to the south of Pelynt. Consisting of at least ten Bronze Age bowl barrows, there are faint traces of others discernible as crop marks from the air. The largest barrow has a diameter of 24 metres and a maximum height of 1.5 metres. Several barrows were opened in the mid-nineteenth century with finds including a greenstone axe, urn cremations, a bronze dagger and a Mycenean dagger originating in the eastern Mediterranean and dating from about 1500BC.

Pencarrow Rings Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Bodmin

Grid reference SX040700


Map showing Pencarrow Rings Hill Fort

A 90 metre diameter central area is surrounded by a rampart approximately 3.4 metres high. Another, slightly more oval rampart surrounds this area, some 115 metres in diameter and 3.0 metres high. The whole structure is surrounded by a ditch about 1.6 metres deep.

Pendeen Vau

Bronze Age Fogou, Pendeen

Grid reference SW384355


Map showing Pendeen Vau

Pendeen Vau or Fogou is a Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age structure dating from about 1000 BC to 400 BC. The fogou is set in a hedge in the farmyard of Pendeen Manor Farm and may be visited if permission has been granted by the farm owners. It is thought possibly to be part of a larger settlement. Some historians think that formerly there was a cliff castle near the present day Pendeen Watch Lighthouse, which is situated nearby. To back up this hypothesis, the translation of Pendeen or Pen-Dyn is 'Headland of the Castle'

Penhale Point Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Cubert

Grid reference SW758531


Map showing Penhale Point Cliff Castle

Penhale Point Cliff Castle lies to the south of Holywell Bay in North Cornwall and is best approached along the coast path. The interior is defended by Iron Age ramparts some 2.5 metres high. To the south of the castle the structures have been obscured or obliterated by mining activities of more recent times.

Penhargard Castle Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Bodmin

Grid reference SX058699


Map showing Penhargard Castle Hill Fort

Penhargard Castle lies about 2 miles north of Bodmin. The structure has a diameter of just under 90 metres at its widest point. The west of the Hill Fort lies on a steep slope overlooking the Camel Valley. Its ramparts are in relatively good preservation and range between 1.6 metres and 2.3 metres in height. They are cut by the entrance way to the southwest.

Pennance Chambered Cairn

Neolithic Cairn, Zennor

Grid reference SW448376


Map showing Pennance Chambered Cairn

Note: This tomb lies on private land - permission should be sought from Pennance Farm before visiting.

Although permission is needed to get to visit the Giant's Craw at close quarters, it can be seen from the B3306 near Zennor.

Pennance Chambered Cairn is of the Scillonian entrance grave type and is located in a field on the eastern slopes of the Penwith moors, between Zennor and Treen. It is in a remarkably good condition. The mound has a diameter of 8 metres and stands almost 2 metres high. It is bounded by large granite kerbstones. The internal chamber is 4 metres long, still covered with 4 slabs, and faces outwards towards the southeast. Thought to date from the Neolithic.

Phillack Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Hayle

Grid reference SW565385


Map showing Phillack Inscribed Stone

Located by the vestry within Phillack Church, Phillack Inscribed Stone dates from the 6th century. Its inscription reads: CLOTUALLI MOBRATTI - meaning something along the lines of 'Clotualos, great in judgement'.

Piskey Hall Fogou

Iron Age Fogou, Constantine

Grid reference SW728300


Map showing Piskey Hall Fogou

Locate in a field opposite Trewardreva House, Constantine, about half a mile north of Constantine. This feature lies partially underground and was formerly linked to an Iron Age settlement. Its curved passageway is covered for over 8 metres of its length. Easily missed it is however well worth a visit.

Porth Hellick Down Cairns

Neolithic Cairn, St. Mary's

Grid reference SV928108


Map showing Porth Hellick Down Cairns

A group of eight cairns situated on Porth Hellick Downs on the east coast of St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly. The largest and best preserved of them is the 'Great Tomb', 12 metres in diameter with a 3.7 metre passage. The chamber is covered with four capstones. Its entrance is aligned to the Long Rock Menhir on Macfarland Downs. it has been dated to the Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age period.

Porthmeor Fogou

Iron Age Fogou, Zennor

Grid reference SW43413703


Map showing Porthmeor Fogou

Porthmeor Iron Age Fogou lies beside the round room of a courtyard house part of the Porthmeor Iron Age settlement comprising at least 8 houses and 4 courtyard houses. It is now open to the sky but was originally roofed with lintels and corbelling. The fogou has a drain two-thirds of the way along the passage and is unusual in that it apparently has no creep passage but instead is curved so preventing the whole passage from being seen at any one point. However, both ends of the passage display sharp breaks in the walling suggesting that the passage was formerly significantly longer so allowing the possibility that it did once have a creep passage. The passage is just over 13 metres long and 2 metres wide. The remaining walls are 1.36 metres high and the maximum corbelled overhang just over 60 cms.

Porthmeor Round House Settlement

Iron Age Settlement, Zennor

Grid reference SW434371


Map showing Porthmeor Round House Settlement

Note: This site lies on private land so permission should be gained from Porthmeor Farm before visiting.

This late Iron Age settlement or village lies near Porthmeor Cove, roughly midway between Boswednack and Bosigran near Zennor. Excavated in the 1930's, the site also includes an above ground fogou, also dating from the Iron Age. The surrounding area is rich in ancient remains with Treen Barrows and Entrance Grave, Bosporthennis Quoit and Well, Carn Galver Cairn and Porthmeor Stone Circle all within a kilometer of this site. Dating from the Iron Age, the settlement consists of both courtyard houses also scattered hut circles.

Prideaux Castle Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, St Blazey

Grid reference SX059556


Map showing Prideaux Castle Hill Fort

Prideaux Castle Hill Fort is a quadrivallate Iron Age hillfort situated atop a 133 m (435 ft) high conical hill near the southern boundary of the parish of Luxulyan. It is best reached via a footpath from a minor road leading off the A390 at St Blazey. Two of a possible three ramparts still survive surrounding the oval-shaped fort. Dimensions: 235 x 160 metres with ramparts between 1.3 and 2.7 metres high.

Prospidnick Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, Helston

Grid reference SW659316


Map showing Prospidnick Mênhir

Prospidnick Menhir lies near the summit of Prospidnick Hill near Crowntown, Helston. This long stone stands 3 metres tall and is best accessed from a lane leading from the B3303.

Rame Head Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Rame Peninsula

Grid reference SX418484


Map showing Rame Head Cliff Castle

Rame Head Iron Age Cliff Castle lies in the far east of the county. The narrow neck of the headland displays a well defined ditch with an entrance way cut in its centre, generally though the cliff castle is in a poor state of repair. A 14th Century chapel dedicated to St. Michael lies in the middle of the headland.

Redcliff Castle Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, St Eval

Grid reference SW848696


Map showing Redcliff Castle Cliff Castle

Redcliff Castle, an Iron Age cliff castle overlooks Bedruthan Steps near Padstow. Two ramparts, approximately two metres high guard the headland and have associated ditches. The castle area has been reduced over the years by erosion, its original size now unknown.

Restormel Roman Fort

Roman Roman Fort, Lostwithiel

Grid reference SX102611


Map showing Restormel Roman Fort

Only discovered in 2007, Restormel Roman Fort lies about a quarter of a mile southwest of Restormel Castle near Lostwithiel. The fort has the usual rectangular plan surrounded by a rampart and ditch. Artifacts discovered indicate that the fort was home to Legio II Augustus throughout the Roman occupation of Britain. It measures 77 metres by 64 metres.

Resugga Castle Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, St Stephen

Grid reference SW940510


Map showing Resugga Castle Hill Fort

Resugga Castle is an almost circular Iron Age hill fort near St. Stephen. Measuring 116m by 100m, there is an entrance way on the northwest section. It is surrounded by a rampart three metres high with an external one metre deep ditch.

Rillaton Barrow

Bronze Age Barrow, Minions

Grid reference SX260719


Map showing Rillaton Barrow

Rillaton Round Barrow lies on Bodmin moor about half a mile northeast of the Hurlers Stone Circle at Minions. Situated on the crest of a slope, the barrow contained a stone cist with a skeleton inside along with a ceremonial dagger. It has achieved fame as the excellent Bronze Age Rillaton Gold Cup was found here in 1818. The barrow has an approximate diameter of 37 metres and stood 2.4 metres high. A copy of the Rillaton Gold Cup can be seen in the Royal Cornwall Museum in Truro.

Rough Tor Enclosure

Bronze Age Enclosure, Camelford

Grid reference SX142810


Map showing Rough Tor Enclosure

Rough Tor Enclosure, Camelford

At Rough Tor, above Camelford lies a tor enclosue thought to date from the Bronze Age. The stones surround the twin summits of both Rough Tor and its north eastern neighbour Little Rough Tor.

Rough Tor Round Houses

Bronze Age Settlement, Camelford

Grid reference SX140813


Map showing Rough Tor Round Houses

Rough Tor Round Houses, Camelford

Just on the western flank of Rough Tor, near Camelford lies a large concentration of Bronze Age Round Houses. The settlement runs southwards from the car park for over half a mile (1km) and contains field boundaries, pounds and numerous roundhouses making up an extensive settlement. On average the roundhouses have a diameter of approximately 4 to 6 metres and several are relatively intact.

Roundwood Castle

Iron Age Hill Fort, Feock

Grid reference SW837404


Map showing Roundwood Castle

Roundwood Castle is best described as an Iron Age promontory fort as it lies in woodland between two creeks of the River Fal. Situated on a point between Cowlands Creek and Roundwood Creek. The interior of the fort is protected by twin ramparts with associated ditches.

Rumps Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Padstow

Grid reference SW934811


Map showing Rumps Cliff Castle

Rumps Cliff Castle, Padstow

One of the most visited Iron Age Cliff Castles in Cornwall, the Rumps near Padstow has twin headlands resembling the tail of a fish reached via a narrow neck of land protected by three distinct ramparts. The structures are thought to have been built in two phases with the Castle occupied between 400BC and 100AD.

Samson Hill Cairns

Neolithic Cairn, Bryher

Grid reference SV878142


Map showing Samson Hill Cairns

Situated atop Samson Hill on Bryher, a ruined chamber cairn lies surrounded by ten kerb stones. Nearby, on the southern slopes of the Hill lies Works Carn. An oval shaped chambered cairn built out from the side of Samson Hill. Utilising the rock outcrop, it is revetted with large orthostats. The chamber is made from slabs set on edge with additional walling.

Selus Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, St. Just

Grid reference SW372315


Map showing Selus Stone

The Selus inscribed stone stands in the north aisle of St. Just church. Standing 1.6 metres high it dates from the sixth century and is inscribed with: SELUS IC IACIT - 'Selus lies here'. On its side a Chi-Rho symbol is inscribed.

Shipman Head Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Bryher

Grid reference SV876161


Map showing Shipman Head Cliff Castle

Shipman Head lies on the nortern end of the Scillonian island of Bryher. Quite dramatic in its own right, the headland is made more interesting by the existence of the ramparts of an Iron Age Cliff Castle. The wall just under a metre high is in the region of 5 metres thick. To the south and east of the castle lie a large number of ancient cairns.

Showery Tor Ring Cairn

Bronze Age Ring Cairn, Camelford

Grid reference SX149813


Map showing Showery Tor Ring Cairn

Showery Tor Ring Cairn, Camelford

Situated about 400 metres northeast of the summit of Rough Tor, a natural formation of granite rocks is surrounded by a large man made ring of piled stones with a diameter of about 30 metres, standing almost 1.2 metres high.

Slaughter Bridge Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Camelford

Grid reference SX109857


Map showing Slaughter Bridge Inscribed Stone

The 3 metre long Slaughter Bridge Inscribed Stone lies on the west bank of the River Camel near Slaughterbridge, about a mile north of Camelford. So large it was once used as a footbridge, the stone is inscribed with LATINI IC IACIT FILIVS MACARI - Latinus lies here, son of Macarius. An Ogham (Old Irish) inscription on the side of the stone can be tramslated as LATINI

South Hill Cairns

Neolithic Cairn, Samson

Grid reference SV878124


Map showing South Hill Cairns

South Hill Cairns lie on the southern end of the Scillonian island of Samson to the west of St. Mary's. The are four Entrance Graves situated on the ridge of the hill. They are aligned north-south. The northernmost cairn has a diameter of almost 6 metres with a chamber measuring 3.5 metres long by 1 metre wide. Its entrance like that of its neighbours faces SSE.

Sperris Croft Settlement

Bronze Age Settlement, Zennor

Grid reference SW473384


Map showing Sperris Croft Settlement

The Sperris Croft Settlement lies to the northeast of Sperris Quoit roughly midway between Towednack and Zennor and visible from Zennor and Trendrine Hills. The group of seven Bronze Age roundhouses are aligned west to east along the ridge top.

Sperris Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, Zennor

Grid reference SW471382


Map showing Sperris Quoit

This Quoit retains only one upright 1.5 metre stone from the original structure, although there are several others located nearby. It dates from the late Mesolithic or Neolithic period, some 4000-7000 years ago The quoit lies just to the NE of Zennor Quoit - Grid ref. SW468380 on the 230m contour between Zennor and Trendrine Hills. Technical Information: Height 1.5m

St Piran's Round

Iron Age Round, Goonhavern

Grid reference SW779545


Map showing St Piran's Round

St. Piran's Round lies beside the B3254 to the west of Goonhavern. Almost circular, the 45 metre diameter enclosure is bounded by a 2.5 metre high rampart with an external ditch 1.5 metres deep. The earthwork is thought to date from Iron Age times and has been used in modern times as a venue for the meeting of the bards at the Cornish Gorsedd as well as 'miracle plays.

St. Breock Downs Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow, Wadebridge

Grid reference SW971681


Map showing St. Breock Downs Barrows

A line of more than 90 Bronze Age barrows line the top of a ridge near St Breock Downs. Stretching for almost seven miles, the best example is located at grid reference SW971681. This 18 metre diameter barrow stands 2.4 metres high and is quite well preserved. The number of ancient monuments in the locality making the area well worth a visit.

St. Clement Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, St Clement

Grid reference SW851439


Map showing St. Clement Inscribed Stone

St. Clement Inscribed Stone lies within St. Clement churchyard and stands ovr three metres high. Its 6th century inscription reads: VITALI FILI TORRICI, which translates as 'Vitalus, son of Torricus'.

St. Dennis Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, St Dennis

Grid reference SW951583


Map showing St. Dennis Hill Fort

St. Dennis Hill Fort surrounds St. Dennis church atop a conical hill near Indian Queens. Located just to the south of the A30 trunk road, its position effectively controls all the land north across Goss Moor to Castle an Dinas and indicates how the Iron Age people used high points in the landscape to control this ancient trade route through Cornwall. Circular in shape the twin ramparts are about 113 metres in diameter.

St. Endellion Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, St Endellion

Grid reference SW989797


Map showing St. Endellion Inscribed Stone

Otherwise known as the Brocagnus Stone, this 6th Century Inscribed Stone stands 1.5 metres tall at a cross roads of the B3314 roughly midway between St Endellion and Port Quin. The stone has recently been replaced here after spending many years at Doyden Point. The inscription reads BROCAGNI IHC IACIT NADOTTI FILIVS, which translates as 'Brocagnus lies here, son of Nadottus'.

St. Hilary Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, St. Hilary

Grid reference SW551313


Map showing St. Hilary Inscribed Stone

Situated in St. Hilary Churchyard this seventh century inscribed stone bears what looks like an alpha and omega symbol as well as the word 'NOTI' and the single letter 'M'.

St. Hilary Roman Milestone

Roman Roman Milestone, St. Hilary

Grid reference SW551313


Map showing St. Hilary Roman Milestone

Situated within St. Hilary Church, this ractangular pillar stands almost 1.3 metres high and is inscribed with: IMP CAES FLAV CONSTANTINO PIO NOB CAES DIVI CONSTANTI PII AUG FILIO, which translates as 'In the reign of the Emperor Flavius Valerius Constantinus, pious noble Caesar, son of the divine Constantius Pius Augustus'. The stone dates from between 306 and 308 AD

St. Kew Inscibed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, St Kew

Grid reference SX021769


Map showing St. Kew Inscibed Stone

A rarity in Cornwall, the St. Kew Inscribed stone has inscriptions in both Latin and Ogham (Old Irish). It reads IVSTI or Justus and is thought to be part of a larger inscription. It is situated within St. Kew church.

St. Michael's Mount Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Marazion

Grid reference SW515299


Map showing St. Michael's Mount Cliff Castle

Far better known for its medieval church and overall tourist attraction, St Michael's Mount also has a far more ancient side.

Artifacts found indicate occupation prior to Roman times, adding weight to the argument that this was the island of Ictis as recorded by Diodorus Siculus in the first century BC. More recent 5th and 6th Century AD finds of amphorae from the Mediterranean indicate that the island was an important trading port too.

The Iron Age cliff castle is made up by two now rather indistinct ramparts atop the Mackerel Bank on the north of the island. Six accompanying Round House sites have also been discovered to the east.

It should also be remembered that sea levels have altered over the past 4500 years as indicated by the Cornish name for the Mount 'Carrek Lûz en Cos - The Grey Rock in the Wood', indicating that this used to be a hill amongst a forest - traces of which can be seen at very low tides even today.

St. Warna's Well

Iron Age Well, St. Agnes

Grid reference SV881078


Map showing St. Warna's Well

St. Warna's Well lies on the west coast of the Scillonian Island of St. Agnes. Dating from celtic times the well was later 'christianized'. It is approached by three steps leading down into its stone chamber and is located on rocks above St. Warna's Cove. Incidentally, St. Warna is the patron saint of shipwrecks.

Stannon Stone Circle

Bronze Age Stone Circle, Camelford

Grid reference SX125799


Map showing Stannon Stone Circle

Stannon Stone Circle lies on the slopes of Rough Tor, adjacent to the southern boundary of the Stannon China Clay Works. There are approximately 80 stones of which half remain standing. The circle has an average diameter of just over 40 metres dates from the Bronze Age and the proliferation of ancient sites makes the whole Rough Tor area well worth a visit.


Bronze Age Enclosure, Minions

Grid reference SX258725


Map showing Stowe

Stowe, Minions

Stowe's Pound Tor Enclosure lies close to the Cheeswring Tor and Quarry, near Minions on Bodmin Moor. The enclosures stand atop Stowe's Hill and are roughly oval in shape. The smaller enclosure lies to the south, very close to the Cheesewring itself. It has dimensions of 130 x 80 metres with a stone rampart up to 5 metres high in places. The larger northern enclosure is 300 x 200 metres with a rampart 1.5 metres high. The northern enclosure contains two cairns dating from the Bronze Age as well as a stone round house. Within the enclosure also lies the markings of more than 100 round houses

Taphouse Ridge Round Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow, West Taphouse

Grid reference SX143633


Map showing Taphouse Ridge Round Barrows

Taphouse Ridge Round Barrows lie alongside the A390 road just under a mile west of West Taphouse. The Bronze Age barrows have an approximate W to E alignment and consist of two groups of four barrows. The western section have diameters of between 15 metres and 22 metres, whilst the eastern section are slightly larger with diameters of between 17 metres and 28 metres. Both groups exhibit the effects of treasure hunters and have robbed out centres.

The Blind Fiddler

Bronze Age Menhir, Sancreed

Grid reference SW425282


Map showing The Blind Fiddler

Also known as the Tregonebris Stone, this standing stone dates from the Bronze Age and is over three metres high. It lies to the north of the A30 near Catchall, Sancreed.

The Devil's Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, St Columb

Grid reference SW923619


Map showing The Devil's Quoit

The Devil's Coyt is situated near to the Trekenning roundabout on the A39 near St. Columb Major. Resembling the Quoits at Chun and Mulfra in the far west, records show that the Quoit or Dolmen was still erect until the 18th century. Its enclosed chamber measuring 2.1m x 1.8m x 2m high, covered with a large capstone. A support stone was removed from the western side in the early 1800's, with the quoit partially collapsing in the 1840's. Some thirty years later the quoit was broken up and remained lost until 1977 when its fragments were discovered during pipe-laying operations.

The Pipers

Bronze Age Menhir, Lamorna

Grid reference SW435248


Map showing The Pipers

The Pipers, Lamorna

The Pipers are a pair of Bronze Age mênhirs (long stones) standing 4m and 4.5m tall in farmland just to the north-east of the Merry Maidens Stone Circle at Boleigh. Despite their size they are largely overlooked by the casual visitor. They form part of the Boleigh group of ancient sites. There is a definite alignment of these Bronze Age sites, leading from Boleigh Fogou at one end through the Pipers and Merry Maidens to Tregiffian Barrow and Gûn Rith, Grid ref. SW437252 to Grid ref. SW429245 at the other. The modern landscape however makes sighting this interaction almost impossible.

The Roman Altar

Roman Altar Stone, Tresco

Grid reference SV893143


Map showing The Roman Altar

The Roman Altar stands within Tresco Abbey Gardens on the Scillonan island of Tresco. It is reputed to have been originally found at the site of the Pilots Gig Cafe on St. Marys. The altar stands 0.8 metres high and is 0.5 metres square. It is the only altar stone of its type in Cornwall.

The Trippet Stones Stone Circle

Bronze Age Stone Circle, Blisland

Grid reference SX131750


Map showing The Trippet Stones Stone Circle

The Trippet Stones Stone Circle lies near Blisland on Bodmin Moor and dates from the Early Bronze Age. Almost a true circle some 33 metres in diameter, only twelve of the original 26 stones remain. Eight still stand. The stone in the middle of the cicle is a modern boundary stone.

The Tristan Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Fowey

Grid reference SX110524


Map showing The Tristan Stone

The Tristan Stone is an inscribed stone located about a mile north of Fowey alongside the A3082. Otherwise known as The Longstone, it is thought to date from the mid 6th century and has been moved a number of times in its lifetime. The granite pillar, some 2.7 metres tall is inscribed in latin. The inscription reads: DRUSTANUS HIC IACIT CUNOWORI FILIUS, which is translatated as 'Here lies Drustan, son of Cunomorus'. [See the entry for nearby Castle Dore]

Three Brothers of Grugwith

Neolithic Cairn, St. Keverne

Grid reference SW761198


Map showing Three Brothers of Grugwith

Located just to the west of Crousa Common, the 'Three Brothers' lie behind Zoar Garage. Hard to find, this late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age burial chamber or dolmen lies amongst bracken and scrubland. The 2.4 metre long capstone sits on top of two uprights forming a chamber with dimensions of 2.4m x 0.9m x 0.9m.

Tintagel Church Inscribed Stone

Roman Inscribed Stone, Tintagel

Grid reference SX051885


Map showing Tintagel Church Inscribed Stone

Standing within the south transept of Tintagel parish church, this inscribed stone measures 1.5 metres tall and is inscribed with IMP C G VAL LICIN, which translates as 'to the Emperor Caesar Gaius Valerius Licinus', which dates the inscription to about 250AD.

Tintagel Island Settlement

Post Roman Settlement, Tintagel

Grid reference SX050891


Map showing Tintagel Island Settlement

Tintagel Island Settlement, Tintagel

Tintagel Island is now a well known visitor attraction managed by English Heritage. Its main feature is the Castle thought to date from the 13th Century when it was the stronghold of Earl Richard of Cornwall. Prior to this the area was likely to have been an Iron Age Cliff Castle now sadly lost to erosion followed by a Post Roman settlement on level ground at the top of the island. Other walled enclosures on the ledges below the main path around the island may be medieval reworking of former Post Roman buildings. Associated structures here include a 12th century chapel, a pair of wells, a kiln and a tomb or shrine. It is thought that the island may have been the home of the Dumnonian royalty between 400 and 700 AD - still leaving open the possibility that (King) Arthur may have been concieved or born here.

Tolvan Stone

Bronze Age Holed Stone, Gweek

Grid reference SW706283


Map showing Tolvan Stone

Note: The Tolvan holed stone lies in the back garen of Tolvan Cross Cottage near Gweek. Permission to view must be obtained from the owners.

This roughly triangular Bronze Age stone stands 2.3 metres tall and has a base of 2.2 metres. The hole, just off centre, has a diameter of 44cm.

Trebowland Round Enclosure

Iron Age Enclosure, Gwennap

Grid reference SW729387


Map showing Trebowland Round Enclosure

Trebowland Round Enclosure lies near Trebowland Farm at Comford, near Gwennap. The enclosure is almost circular with a diameter of 90 metres surrounded by a single rampart 2.3 metres high, surrounded by an external ditch 1.5 metres high.

Treen Chambered Cairns

Neolithic Cairn, Treen

Grid reference SW438371


Map showing Treen Chambered Cairns

Treen Chambered Cairns lie just to the south of Treen, near Gurnard's Head west of Zennor. The pair of Scillonian type entrance graves dating from the Neolithic lie near to two other barrows. The best preserved cairn lies to the southeast and is a mound almost 8 metres across and 1.3 metres high with a 4 metres long, chamber, 1 metre high and 1.2 metres wide on its northern side. The chamber is orientated to mark the midwinter sun over Carn Galva. The northwestern entrance grave is the smaller of the two surviving tombs located about 55 metres from its neighbour. Its 1.1 metre high mound measures 6.1 metres across and the small surviving inner end of its chamber faces south-west. Only one capstone survives. Access is relatively easy as there is room to park near to the field gate, and a public footpath runs from the road, over the stone hedge and up the field adjacent to the barrows.

Treen Common Enclosure

Iron Age Enclosure, Treen

Grid reference SW444366


Map showing Treen Common Enclosure

Roughly oval in shape, Treen Common Enclosure is a mixture of erect and fallen stones resembling a ruined stone circle. It lies to the west of the Penzance to Gurnard's Head about one mile south of Treen.

Tregarthen Hill Cairns

Neolithic Cairn, Tresco

Grid reference SV886162


Map showing Tregarthen Hill Cairns

A little to the north of Castle Down on the southern slope of Tregarthen Hill, on the north of Tresco, Isles of Scilly lie five chambered cairns or Entrance Graves, aligned NE-SW. The best preserved lies at SV88641626. This Entrance Grave has a diameter of about 7.3 metres with a chamber 4.6 metres long. It retains two of its original capstones and its inner kerb of 11 stones.

Tregeare Rounds Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Pendogett

Grid reference SX033800


Map showing Tregeare Rounds Hill Fort

Tregeare Rounds Iron Age Hill Fort lies just to the SE of the B3314 to the northeast of Pendoggett. It consists of two circular ramparts surrounded by ditches. The height of the outer rampart reaches 2.5 metres with an outer ditch of 2.4 metres and an inner ditch of 1.7 metres. The smaller inner rampart encloses an area of about 90 metres and is about 1.2 metres high in places.

Tregeseal Cairn

Bronze Age Cairn, St. Just

Grid reference SW380322


Map showing Tregeseal Cairn

Tregeseal Chambered Cairn is of the 'Scillonian Entrance Grave' type and dates from the late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age. It is located in a field, to the northeast of Tregeseal, St. Just. Surrounded by a large oval mound measuring 12.5 metres by 9.4 metres. It stands 1.4 metres high. The chamber measures 3.3 metres by 1.2 metres. Only two of the original capstones remain in place.

Tregeseal Stone Circle

Neolithic Stone Circle, St Just

Grid reference SW387324


Map showing Tregeseal Stone Circle

Lying below the hill of Carn Kenidjack midway between Pendeen and St. Just. This site exhibits two relatively small stone circles. Unfortunately only the eastern one is almost complete. Once again they have 19 upright stones but have been restored in places. Technical Information: Circle Diameters 21m (Eastern) and 23m (Western)

Tregiffian Barrow

Neolithic Barrow, Lamorna

Grid reference SW430244


Map showing Tregiffian Barrow

Tregiffian Barrow, Lamorna

A Neolithic Chamber Tomb or barrow of the Scillonian type. It is situated adjacent to the Merry Maidens stone circle at Boleigh, north-west of Lamorna village. Discovered during road widening in the mid nineteenth century, it is overlooked by many visitors who speed past this 4,500 year old site.Technical Information: Width 1.8m, Height 1.0m.

Tregonning Hill Rounds

Iron Age Round, Germoe

Grid reference SW602303


Map showing Tregonning Hill Rounds

Tregonning Hill Rounds lie to the northeast and east of Castle Pencaire atop Tregonning Hill near Germoe. The settlement rounds date from the Iron Age and are almost circular, with diameters of 90 x 80 metres. Their single ramparts attain a maximum height of 2.6 metres.

Tremenheere Mênhir

Neolithic Menhir, St Keverne

Grid reference SW7776921044


Map showing Tremenheere Mênhir

Otherwise known as 'The Longstone', this standing stone is situated in the middle of a field about 200 metres northeast of the settlement of Tremenheere, near St. Keverne. Indeed, the name of the hamlet comes from the stone in that 'Tremenheere' means 'farm or homestead of the long stone (menhir)' in Cornish. The 3 metre tall Standing Stone consists of the local gabbro rock rather than the more common granite and is best accessed via the public footpath between Tremenheere and Trevallack.

Trencrom Castle Hill Fort

Neolithic Hill Fort, Lelant

Grid reference SW518362


Map showing Trencrom Castle Hill Fort

Trencrom Castle Hill Fort stands upon Trencrom Hill, between Lelant and Nancledra. Otherwise known as Trecobben, the hill fort has marvellous views all around and could quite easily control the land around its flanks. Artifacts such as Neolithic axes have been found here indicating that the hill has been occupied from the earliest times. The fort makes use of the natural geology and has a rather unusual shape in that it resembles a pear. It is approximately 137 metres by 91 metres, and is aligned north-south. In the Iron Age a 2.5 metre high wall was erected to enclose the hilltop.

Trendrine Hill Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow, Zennor

Grid reference SW479387


Map showing Trendrine Hill Barrows

Trendrine Hill Barrows sit atop the 247 metre high Trendrine Hill. The three barrows date from the The southernmost barrows is a mound 14 metres in diameter and 2 metres high kerbed by very large stones. At the centre of the mound are the remains of a large cist including a displaced capstone. The largest and northermost barrow is a large cairn of stones 20 metres across and 3 metres high now topped by an Ordnance Survey pillar. All that can be seen of the third barrow is a slight mound between the other two.

Treryn Dinas

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Porthcurno

Grid reference SW397222


Map showing Treryn Dinas

Not to be confused with Trereen Dinas near Gurnard's Head, Treryn Dinas is an Iron Age Cliff Castle to the west of Porthcurno on the south coast of the Land's End Peninsula. Claimed by many to be Cornwall's best Cliff Castle the site is truly spectacular. The headland is defended by three ramparts with external ditches. The landward rampart stands 6.5 metres tall and runs for over 270 metres from west to east. Inside of this lie two other incomplete ramparts, standing 2 metres high, again with external ditches. To seaward lies the mystical 70 tonne rocking stone known as Logan Rock [Logan or Loggan being Cornish for 'Rocking Stone'].

Tresvennack Pillar Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, Drift

Grid reference SW442279


Map showing Tresvennack Pillar Mênhir

Tresvennack Menhir Pillar stands alone in a field just to the southwest of Tresvennack Farm, to the west of Newlyn. Marked on the OS maps as Tresvennack Pillar this 3.6 metre tall long stone dates from the Bronze Age and can be reached by footpath from the Newlyn to Drift minor road. On excavation in the 1840's a large urn complete with human bones was discovered at its base. The urn is on display at Penlee House Museum in Penzance. several other sites lie nearby including Chyenhal Menhir, Faugan Round Hill Fort and the Kerris Standing Stone and Settlement.

Trethevy Inscribed Stone

Roman Inscribed Stone, Tintagel

Grid reference SX076892


Map showing Trethevy Inscribed Stone

An inscribed granite pillar, formerly used as a gatepost and now situated on the roadside by St. Piran's, a former monastery now a private residence. The inscription reads: C DOMI N GALLO ET VOLUS – ‘For the Emperor Caesars our lords Gallus and Volusian.’ Trebonianus Gallus and Antoninianus Volusianus reigned from 251-253 AD.

Trethevy Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, Liskeard

Grid reference SX259688


Map showing Trethevy Quoit

Trethevy Quoit, Liskeard

One of Cornwall's most impressive ancient monuments. Trethevy Quoit lies between the villages of Tremar and Darite in St Cleer parish about 4 kilometres north of Liskeard. Otherwise known as a Cromlech or Quoit, Trethevy is more properly known as a Neolithic Portal Dolmen and dates from about 3500 BC. Standing over 3 metres tall the structure is topped by a massive capstone some 4.2 metres long and estimated to weigh about 11 tonnes. The chamber enclosed has approximate dimensions of 2 metres by 1.5 metres

Trevelgue Downs Round Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow, Newquay

Grid reference SW834638


Map showing Trevelgue Downs Round Barrows

Trevelgue Downs Round Barrows, Newquay

Two Bronze Age bowl barrows, approximately 26 metres in diameter lie close to the cliff edge near Zachry's Islands, Trevelgue. The stand 3.7 metres tall and stand proud of the landscape. On excavation, the easternmost barrow was found to have contained a stone cist complete with human skeleton, currently on display at the Royal Cornwall Museum in Truro.

Trevelgue Head Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Newquay

Grid reference SW825631


Map showing Trevelgue Head Cliff Castle

Trevelgue Head Cliff Castle, Newquay

Situated as it is close to the summer holiday resort of Newquay, Trevelgue Head Cliff Castle is usually overlooked by all but a handful of interested visitors. The castle is thought to date from the Iron Age although two Bronze Age barrows have been located indicating that the area has been utilised for even longer. Seven ramparts, ranging from 2 metres to 4 metres high, protect the interior making it probably the best defended cliff castle in Cornwall. Excavations in the mid twentieth century discovered at least fourteen roundhouses as well as Roman coinage.

Truthwall Common Cairns

Bronze Age Cairn, St. Just

Grid reference SW389326


Map showing Truthwall Common Cairns

Truthwall Common Cairns lie between the holed stones on Kenidjack Common and Tregeseal Stone Cicle at St. Just. These cairns are in a poor state of repair with many of their stones 'robbed out'. They formerly stood about 1.8 metres high.

Trye Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, Newmill

Grid reference SW460350


Map showing Trye Mênhir

Little known, Trye Menhir lies in a field at Trye Farm near Newmill on the Penzance to Gurnard's Head road. Dating from the Early Bronze Age, this longstone stands 2.7 metres tall and has a triangular cross section.

Upper Treen Settlement

Iron Age Settlement, Treen

Grid reference SW438372


Map showing Upper Treen Settlement

Situated about 100 metres northwest of the Treen Chambered Cairns, this group of four Iron Age courtyard houses lie closely packed together. The best preserved walls stand 1.5 metres high.

Warbstow Bury Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Warbstow

Grid reference SX202908


Map showing Warbstow Bury Hill Fort

Warbstow Bury Iron Age Hill Fort lies on the side of a hill just to the northwest of the North Cornwall village of Warbstow, near Launceston. Oval rather than circular it has diameters of 340 metres and 270 metres. The impressive ramparts are widely spaced and reach up to 5.8 metres in places. Their outer ditches are 2.7 metres in depth. There are entrances to the east, northwest and southwest sides.

West Lanyon Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, Morvah

Grid reference SW423338


Map showing West Lanyon Quoit

West Lanyon Quoit lies 800 metres to the west of the better known Lanyon Quoit. Sadly fallen, West Lanyon Quoit stands on a southwest facing slope with only two of its stones remaining. The largest stone is a substantial slab over 2m long. The site is on private farmland and was formerly buried by soil. It was rediscovered in the 1790's by the owner of the Lanyon Estate. Whilst sheltering from a rain shower, he noticed that the soil seemed very rich. He instructed his servants to remove the soil. On digging they discovered the fallen cromlech. The owner instructed his servants to continue digging and in so doing discovered a broken urn containing ashes; a skull and the upper bones of a human body. Experts consider this to be a Bronze Age burial inserted into a Neolithic monument.

White Island Cairn

Neolithic Cairn, White Island

Grid reference SV922176


Map showing White Island Cairn

White Island Chambered Cairn lies on the Scillonian island of White Island, just off the northern coast of St. Martin's. In a good state of preservation, the cairm has a diameter of over 6 metres. Its chamber is almost 5 metres long and is aligned SSE to NNW. Two of its original capstones remain. Nearby, to the southeast, lie a number of smaller cairns. Access is by foot from St Martins for just one hour either side of low tide. Please be aware of the state of the tide.

Wicca Round Houses

Bronze Age Settlement, Zennor

Grid reference SW473384


Map showing Wicca Round Houses

The three round houses at Wicca, lie just to the northwest of Sperris Croft and are grouped closely together. they are thought to at from the Late Bronze Age

Willapark Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Boscastle

Grid reference SX091912


Map showing Willapark Cliff Castle

Willapark Iron Age Cliff Castle lies on the prominent triangular shaped headland just to the southwest of Boscastle in North Cornwall. It is accessible via the coast path. The 110 metre long single rampart runs NE-SW across the neck of the headland and reaches a height of 1.8 metres. It is fronted by a 0.8 metre deep ditch. A modern footpath cuts through its southwestern end.

Willapark Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Tintagel

Grid reference SX063896


Map showing Willapark Cliff Castle

An Iron Age Cliff Castle protected by a single 48 metre long bank and ditch. The site can be reached along the coast path from Tintagel or by a public footpath from the B3263 at Bossiney.

Wingletang Down

Bronze Age Cairn, St. Agnes

Grid reference SV883075


Map showing Wingletang Down

Wingletang Down is described as a cairn cemetery. Over 40 simple cairns lie on the moorland on the southern end of the Scillonian island of St. Agnes. In various states of preservation, they resemble low circular mounds and are thought to date from the Bronze Age.

Woolley Long Barrow

Neolithic Long Barrow, Kilkhampton

Grid reference SS263166


Map showing Woolley Long Barrow

A Neolithic long barrow just to the east of the A39 some three miles north of Kilkhampton. The Woolley Long Barrow is one of the best preserved examples in Cornwall. It has dimensions of 62m (long axis) by 21m wide. It stands 2.5 metres high.

Zennor Quoit

Mesolithic Quoit, Zennor

Grid reference SW469380


Map showing Zennor Quoit

Set as it is near the summit of the imposing Zennor Hill, the Quoit must have been quite an awesome sight when intact but is now a shadow of its former self. Some time ago a farmer tried to demolish it and only succeeded in toppling the huge 5 metre capstone (weighing in excess of 9 tons) so now it lies partly toppled on its uprights. It dates from the time of the Quoit or Cromlech builders during the Late Mesolithic or Neolithic period. Technical Information: Height 2.4m

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