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Megaliths, Mênhirs and Stone Circles of Mid Cornwall
Barrowfields Round Barrows
Bronze Age Barrow Cemetery, Newquay
Grid reference SW820622
The remains of a Bronze Age cemetery on the cliffs at Newquay. Only three of the original eighteen bowl barrows remain and they are in a poor state of repair, resembling low mounds.
Bishop's Wood Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, Truro
Grid reference SW829487
Bishop's Wood Iron Age Hill Fort lies on a hillside within Idless Woods, part of St Clement Forest, just north of Truro. The oval shaped fort has diameters of 167 metres by 150 metres surrounded by a three metre high rampart. This is surrounded by a ditch some 1.5 metres deep with the ramparts cut neatly into thirds by entrances at the west, southeast and northeast sides.
Black Head Cliff Castle
Iron Age Cliff Castle, Pentewan
Grid reference SX039479
Black Head Cliff Castle lies on the south Cornwall coast between Portpean and Pentewan. The finger like headland exhibits three ramparts defending the interior across its narrowest point. The Iron Age ramparts have an average height of over 5 metres and are best preserved on the eastern side.
Post Roman Earthwork, St. Agnes
Grid reference SW705494
Named after the legendary giant of St. Agnes, Bolster Bank is a linear earthwork dating from the 5th or 6th Century. It curves away from the town of St. Agnes passing through Bolster Farm and just to the north of Goonvrea Farm folowing the contour of St. Agnes Beacon. Originally over 2 miles long, the bank has been cut through in a number of places by modern roads and associated settlements. The earthwork attains a height of almost three and a half metres over an infilled ditch about 1 metre deep. When complete the bank is thought to have stretched all the way from Chapel Coombe to Trevaunance Coombe, encircling quite a large tract of land and would have surely been very impressive.
Bury Castle Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, Cardinham
Grid reference SX135697
Bury Castle lies near Higher Treslea about one and a half miles northeast of Cardinham. This Iron Age hill fort is almost circular with a diameter in excess of 140 metres in the north-south axis. The ramparts are quite impressive, as in places they rise to about 4.3 metres.
Caer Dane Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, Perranzabuloe
Grid reference SW778522
The Iron Age Hill Fort of Caer Dane lies near the hamlet of Carnkief near Perranzabuloe. It lies atop a low wooded hill just east of the A3075. Roughly oval in shape, it has diameters of 100 metres by 89 metres. The outer bank achieves a height of 1.5 metres formerly surrounded by a ditch. The inner enclosure also has a rampart some 1.8 metres high with a 0.5 metre outer ditch. Both ramparts have entrances on their western side. There is no public access to the site.
Cardinham Inscribed Stones
Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Cardinham
Grid reference SX123687
Two Inscribed Stones lie close to the hamlet of Cardinham. Both are from the Post Roman era. The first lies within the churchyard and has the words 'RANOCORI FILI MESGI' written upon it. This translates from the Latin as RANOCORUS, SON OF MESGUS. The stone lies about 2 metres tall and is thought to be buried to a depth of approoximately 1.5 metres.
The second stone lies near the settlement of Welltown. The following words are inscribed along its length: 'VAILATHI FILI VROCHANI', translated as 'VAILATHUS SON OF UROCHANUS'. The Welltown stone lies 1.5 metres tall.
Carland Round Barrows
Bronze Age Barrow, Mitchell
Grid reference SW845539
The remains of over 30 Bronze Age barrows lying to either side of the A30 trunk road at Carland Cross. The largest barrow known as Warren's Barrow, lies to the west of the roundabout and has a diameter of 24 metres by 1.8 metres high.
Carne Beacon Round Barrow
Bronze Age Barrow, Veryan
Grid reference SW913387
Carne Beacon, near Veryan is one of the largest Bronze Age barrows in the country. It has a diameter of about 33 metres and stands over 6 metres high. When excavated in the mid nineteenth century, a stone kist was found, containing ashes and charcoal.
Iron Age Enclosure, Probus
Grid reference SW919483
Carvossa is an almost square earthwork located beside the Probus to Grampound road. It is thought to date from the Late Iron Age and to be in use at the time of the coming of the Romams.
Artifacts found at the site include products from the 'celtic' Durotriges people of Dorset as well as products from the mediterranean and Samian Ware used by the Romans.
Neolithic Henge, Lanivet
Grid reference SX031627
Castilly Henge is an oval some 66 metres in its long axis. It lies beside the A391 near its junction with the A30 trunk road at Innis Downs, near Lanivet. The earthwork is surrounded by a bank 1.8 metres high and an internal ditch measuring 2.1 metres deep by 5.5 metres wide. The earthwork is aligned north south with an entrance at the northern end and is thought to date from Neolithic times.
Castle an Dinas Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, St. Columb
Grid reference SW946624
One of Cornwall's best preserved hill forts, Castle an Dinas dates from the Iron Age and is truly outstanding. Approximately 220 metres in diameter the almost circular structure consists of twin ramparts set atop a 200 metre high hill. The impressive inner rampart is over 7 metres high and is cut in six places to fom entrance ways.
Castle Canyke Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, Bodmin
Grid reference SX086658
Castle Canyke Hill Fort is rather impressive. From the air it can be seen to be a slightly squashed circle, with a diameter of almost 350 metres at its greatest extent by just over 300 metres along the other axis. It is the largest hill fort in Cornwall and is in a prime location in the middle of Cornwall. The 1 metre deep ditch surrounds ramparts 3 metres high. Some sources speculate that nearby Callywith is actually the Kellywic recorded in Arthurian texts.
Cubert Common Round Barrow
Bronze Age Barrow, Cubert
Grid reference SW781594
Located about a mile north of Cubert lies the Bronze Age Cubert Round Barrow. It has a diameter of over 30 metres and stands allmost 3 metres high.
Cubert Inscribed Stone
Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Cubert
Grid reference SW786577
Cubert Inscribed Stone lies built into the west wall of the church at Cubert, near Newquay. It is thought to date from the late sixth century and has the following inscription: CONETOCI FILI TEGERNOMALI - Conetocus son of Tegernomalus.
Neolithic Round, Cubert
Grid reference SW796574
Cubert Round is an ancient circular earthwork, some 70 metres in diameter just outside of Cubert Village. The site is in a poor state of repair with the village road cutting straight through the site from northwest to southeast.
Cuby Inscribed Stone
Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Tregony
Grid reference SW927453
Cuby Inscribed Stone lies built into the corner of Cuby Church near Tregony in Mid Cornwall. Its inscription reads: 'NONNITA ERCILIVI RICATI TRIS FILI ERCILINCI' which is translated as 'Nonnita, Ercilius, Ricatus, the three children of Ercilincus'. The stone is thought to date from the late sixth century.
Dingerein Castle Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, Gerrans
Grid reference SW882376
Over 100 metres in diameter, Dingerein Castle Hill Fort is almost circular and has twin ramparts ranging between 2.7 and 3.0 metres high. Its name is thought to come from the Cornish Dyn gerens - which means castle or fort of Gerens (or Gerent). It is situated on the eastern side of the A3078 near Gerrans village.
Dodman Cliff Castle
Iron Age Cliff Castle, Gorran
Grid reference SX001399
Like most Cliff Castles, Dodman Cliff Castle makes excellent use of the landscape. The headland at Dodman Point is surrounded on three sides by the sea with its landward access across its 'neck' controlled by large earth ramparts. In some places the bank attains a height of over six metres with the total area enclosed by the rampart almost 50 acres (20 ha).
Four Barrows Round Barrows
Bronze Age Barrow, Silverwell
Grid reference SW762248
The four Bronze Age round barrows at Silverwell, near Chiverton Cross lie on either side of the A30 trunk road. One three metre high barrow lies to the north of the road whilst the other three, all similar in size, lie to the south.
Griffin's Point Cliff Castle
Iron Age Cliff Castle, Mawgan Porth
Grid reference SW842664
Griffin's Point Cliff Castle lies between Mawgan Porth and Watergate Bay on the North Cornish Coast. Dating from the Iron Age, three ramparts enclose a small clifftop area
Helman Tor Enclosure
Neolithic Enclosure, Lanlivery
Grid reference SX061617
Helman Tor Enclosure lies on the western flank of Helman Tor. Thought to date from Neolithic times, the low rocky banks enclose the tops of the tor and include at least one round house within an ancient field system. In structure it closely resembles Carn Brea above Redruth
Hensbarrow Round Barrow
Bronze Age Barrow, Roche
Grid reference SW997575
Hensbarrow Round Barrow lies almost two miles southeast of Roche deep in China Clay Country. It stands 312 metres up on the highest point of the surrounding land and has been used as a beacon in the past. The Bronze Age structure is quite impressive in itself, standing 5.4 metres high and with a diameter in excess of 35 metres.
Kelsey Head Cliff Castle
Iron Age Cliff Castle, Cubert
Grid reference SW765608
Kelsey Head Cliff Castle lies on the northern section of Kelsey head near Holywell Bay. The headland is bounded by a V-shaped rampart standing 1.5 metres high with an external ditch. The rampart encloses an area of almost 2.5 acres (1 Hectare) and is appoximately 220 metres long.
Lancarffe Inscribed Stone
Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Bodmin
Grid reference SX082689
Lancarffe Inscribed Stone lies a mile northeast of Bodmin. Dating from the 5th or 6th century AD, the stone is part of a farm building. The inscription reads DVNOCATI HIC IACIT FILI MERCAGNI, translating as Dunocatus lies here,son of Mercagnus.
Lanivet Inscribed Stone
Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Lanivet
Grid reference SX039642
Lanivet Inscribed Stone now stands within Lanivet church. Thought to date from the sixth century AD, the metre tall stone bears the inscription 'ANNICV FIL' which translates to 'Annicus son...'
Leskernick Stone Circles
Neolithic Stone Circle, Bodmin
Grid reference SX188796
A pair of stone circles lying just to the west of Bolventor. The southern circle has a diameter of just over 30 metres. However, of the 22 former stones only one remains upright and that is little more than a stump. Approximately 300 metres to the northwest lies another circle with at least 18 stones still visible.
Neolithic Quoit, Lanivet
Grid reference SX071628
This ruined quoit or dolmen lies beside a minor road off the B3269 near Trebyan, Lanivet. Otherwise known as the Lanivet Quoit or Trebyan Quoit, the structure is recorded as fallen as early as 1858. The five metre long capstone lies propped up against an upright almost two metres tall.
Bronze Age Menhir, Roche
Grid reference SW987601
Otherwise known as the Menevegar Mnhir, this Bronze Age standing stone used to be situated on Longstone Downs, St. Austell but was moved due to the expansion plans of a china clay pit. It now stands on a green at the junction of Fore Street and Harmony Road, Roche. Its plaque states that it was moved in August 1970.
Mount Charles Mênhir
Bronze Age Menhir, St. Austell
Grid reference SX030521
Mount Charles Menhir lies in the grounds of School on the A3061 near St. Austell. Otherwise known as 'The Longstone', this Bronze Age granite Menhir stands 3.5 metres tall on the former Gwallon Downs prehistoric site.
Nanstallon Roman Fort
Roman Roman Fort, Bodmin
Grid reference SX034670
Formerly thought to have been the only Roman Fort in Cornwall, Nanstallon Roman Fort lies at Tregear Farm near Bodmin. Measuring 97 metres by 87 metres, the fort is orientated north-south. Excavated between 1965 and 1969, the fort was surrounded by ramparts and a ditch as you would expect but much of the archaeology has been obscured by modern field walls. Artifacts recovered suggest that the fort was occupied between 60-80AD.
Nine Maidens Stone Row
Bronze Age Stone Row, St Columb
Grid reference SW937676
Nine Maidens Stone Row lies on the eastern side of the A39 Atlantic Highway, just north of the Padstow roundabout at Winnard's Perch. The site was once thought to be the only stone row in Cornwall, prior to others being discovered on Bodmin Moor. As expected, the row consists of nine stones aligned southwest to northeast, with six remaining upright. The stones range in height from 1 metre to 1.9 metres although the northernmost fallen stone is 3.0 metres long. The site is aligned to a former longstone or menhir some 500 metres away to the northeast.
Pencarrow Rings Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, Bodmin
Grid reference SX040700
A 90 metre diameter central area is surrounded by a rampart approximately 3.4 metres high. Another, slightly more oval rampart surrounds this area, some 115 metres in diameter and 3.0 metres high. The whole structure is surrounded by a ditch about 1.6 metres deep.
Penhale Point Cliff Castle
Iron Age Cliff Castle, Cubert
Grid reference SW758531
Penhale Point Cliff Castle lies to the south of Holywell Bay in North Cornwall and is best approached along the coast path. The interior is defended by Iron Age ramparts some 2.5 metres high. To the south of the castle the structures have been obscured or obliterated by mining activities of more recent times.
Prideaux Castle Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, St Blazey
Grid reference SX059556
Prideaux Castle Hill Fort is a quadrivallate Iron Age hillfort situated atop a 133 m (435 ft) high conical hill near the southern boundary of the parish of Luxulyan. It is best reached via a footpath from a minor road leading off the A390 at St Blazey. Two of a possible three ramparts still survive surrounding the oval-shaped fort. Dimensions: 235 x 160 metres with ramparts between 1.3 and 2.7 metres high.
Redcliff Castle Cliff Castle
Iron Age Cliff Castle, St Eval
Grid reference SW848696
Redcliff Castle, an Iron Age cliff castle overlooks Bedruthan Steps near Padstow. Two ramparts, approximately two metres high guard the headland and have associated ditches. The castle area has been reduced over the years by erosion, its original size now unknown.
Restormel Roman Fort
Roman Roman Fort, Lostwithiel
Grid reference SX102611
Only discovered in 2007, Restormel Roman Fort lies about a quarter of a mile southwest of Restormel Castle near Lostwithiel. The fort has the usual rectangular plan surrounded by a rampart and ditch. Artifacts discovered indicate that the fort was home to Legio II Augustus throughout the Roman occupation of Britain. It measures 77 metres by 64 metres.
Resugga Castle Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, St Stephen
Grid reference SW940510
Resugga Castle is an almost circular Iron Age hill fort near St. Stephen. Measuring 116m by 100m, there is an entrance way on the northwest section. It is surrounded by a rampart three metres high with an external one metre deep ditch.
St Piran's Round
Iron Age Round, Goonhavern
Grid reference SW779545
St. Piran's Round lies beside the B3254 to the west of Goonhavern. Almost circular, the 45 metre diameter enclosure is bounded by a 2.5 metre high rampart with an external ditch 1.5 metres deep. The earthwork is thought to date from Iron Age times and has been used in modern times as a venue for the meeting of the bards at the Cornish Gorsedd as well as 'miracle plays.
St. Clement Inscribed Stone
Post Roman Inscribed Stone, St Clement
Grid reference SW851439
St. Clement Inscribed Stone lies within St. Clement churchyard and stands ovr three metres high. Its 6th century inscription reads: VITALI FILI TORRICI, which translates as 'Vitalus, son of Torricus'.
St. Dennis Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, St Dennis
Grid reference SW951583
St. Dennis Hill Fort surrounds St. Dennis church atop a conical hill near Indian Queens. Located just to the south of the A30 trunk road, its position effectively controls all the land north across Goss Moor to Castle an Dinas and indicates how the Iron Age people used high points in the landscape to control this ancient trade route through Cornwall. Circular in shape the twin ramparts are about 113 metres in diameter.
The Devil's Quoit
Neolithic Quoit, St Columb
Grid reference SW923619
The Devil's Coyt is situated near to the Trekenning roundabout on the A39 near St. Columb Major. Resembling the Quoits at Chun and Mulfra in the far west, records show that the Quoit or Dolmen was still erect until the 18th century. Its enclosed chamber measuring 2.1m x 1.8m x 2m high, covered with a large capstone. A support stone was removed from the western side in the early 1800's, with the quoit partially collapsing in the 1840's. Some thirty years later the quoit was broken up and remained lost until 1977 when its fragments were discovered during pipe-laying operations.
Trevelgue Downs Round Barrows
Bronze Age Barrow, Newquay
Grid reference SW834638
Two Bronze Age bowl barrows, approximately 26 metres in diameter lie close to the cliff edge near Zachry's Islands, Trevelgue. The stand 3.7 metres tall and stand proud of the landscape. On excavation, the easternmost barrow was found to have contained a stone cist complete with human skeleton, currently on display at the Royal Cornwall Museum in Truro.
Trevelgue Head Cliff Castle
Iron Age Cliff Castle, Newquay
Grid reference SW825631
Situated as it is close to the summer holiday resort of Newquay, Trevelgue Head Cliff Castle is usually overlooked by all but a handful of interested visitors. The castle is thought to date from the Iron Age although two Bronze Age barrows have been located indicating that the area has been utilised for even longer. Seven ramparts, ranging from 2 metres to 4 metres high, protect the interior making it probably the best defended cliff castle in Cornwall. Excavations in the mid twentieth century discovered at least fourteen roundhouses as well as Roman coinage.