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Megaliths, Mênhirs and Stone Circles of Mid Cornwall

Barrowfields Round Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow Cemetery, Newquay

Grid reference SW820622

Map

Map showing Barrowfields Round Barrows

The remains of a Bronze Age cemetery on the cliffs at Newquay. Only three of the original eighteen bowl barrows remain and they are in a poor state of repair, resembling low mounds.

Bishop's Wood Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Truro

Grid reference SW829487

Map

Map showing Bishop's Wood Hill Fort

Bishop's Wood Iron Age Hill Fort lies on a hillside within Idless Woods, part of St Clement Forest, just north of Truro. The oval shaped fort has diameters of 167 metres by 150 metres surrounded by a three metre high rampart. This is surrounded by a ditch some 1.5 metres deep with the ramparts cut neatly into thirds by entrances at the west, southeast and northeast sides.

Black Head Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Pentewan

Grid reference SX039479

Map

Map showing Black Head Cliff Castle

Black Head Cliff Castle lies on the south Cornwall coast between Portpean and Pentewan. The finger like headland exhibits three ramparts defending the interior across its narrowest point. The Iron Age ramparts have an average height of over 5 metres and are best preserved on the eastern side.

Bolster Bank

Post Roman Earthwork, St. Agnes

Grid reference SW705494

Map

Map showing Bolster Bank

Named after the legendary giant of St. Agnes, Bolster Bank is a linear earthwork dating from the 5th or 6th Century. It curves away from the town of St. Agnes passing through Bolster Farm and just to the north of Goonvrea Farm folowing the contour of St. Agnes Beacon. Originally over 2 miles long, the bank has been cut through in a number of places by modern roads and associated settlements. The earthwork attains a height of almost three and a half metres over an infilled ditch about 1 metre deep. When complete the bank is thought to have stretched all the way from Chapel Coombe to Trevaunance Coombe, encircling quite a large tract of land and would have surely been very impressive.

Bury Castle Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Cardinham

Grid reference SX135697

Map

Map showing Bury Castle Hill Fort

Bury Castle lies near Higher Treslea about one and a half miles northeast of Cardinham. This Iron Age hill fort is almost circular with a diameter in excess of 140 metres in the north-south axis. The ramparts are quite impressive, as in places they rise to about 4.3 metres.

Caer Dane Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Perranzabuloe

Grid reference SW778522

Map

Map showing Caer Dane Hill Fort

The Iron Age Hill Fort of Caer Dane lies near the hamlet of Carnkief near Perranzabuloe. It lies atop a low wooded hill just east of the A3075. Roughly oval in shape, it has diameters of 100 metres by 89 metres. The outer bank achieves a height of 1.5 metres formerly surrounded by a ditch. The inner enclosure also has a rampart some 1.8 metres high with a 0.5 metre outer ditch. Both ramparts have entrances on their western side. There is no public access to the site.

Cardinham Inscribed Stones

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Cardinham

Grid reference SX123687

Map

Map showing Cardinham Inscribed Stones

Two Inscribed Stones lie close to the hamlet of Cardinham. Both are from the Post Roman era. The first lies within the churchyard and has the words 'RANOCORI FILI MESGI' written upon it. This translates from the Latin as RANOCORUS, SON OF MESGUS. The stone lies about 2 metres tall and is thought to be buried to a depth of approoximately 1.5 metres.
The second stone lies near the settlement of Welltown. The following words are inscribed along its length: 'VAILATHI FILI VROCHANI', translated as 'VAILATHUS SON OF UROCHANUS'. The Welltown stone lies 1.5 metres tall.

Carland Round Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow, Mitchell

Grid reference SW845539

Map

Map showing Carland Round Barrows

The remains of over 30 Bronze Age barrows lying to either side of the A30 trunk road at Carland Cross. The largest barrow known as Warren's Barrow, lies to the west of the roundabout and has a diameter of 24 metres by 1.8 metres high.

Carne Beacon Round Barrow

Bronze Age Barrow, Veryan

Grid reference SW913387

Map

Map showing Carne Beacon Round Barrow

Carne Beacon, near Veryan is one of the largest Bronze Age barrows in the country. It has a diameter of about 33 metres and stands over 6 metres high. When excavated in the mid nineteenth century, a stone kist was found, containing ashes and charcoal.

Carvossa Enclosure

Iron Age Enclosure, Probus

Grid reference SW919483

Map

Map showing Carvossa Enclosure

Carvossa is an almost square earthwork located beside the Probus to Grampound road. It is thought to date from the Late Iron Age and to be in use at the time of the coming of the Romams.

Artifacts found at the site include products from the 'celtic' Durotriges people of Dorset as well as products from the mediterranean and Samian Ware used by the Romans.

Castilly Henge

Neolithic Henge, Lanivet

Grid reference SX031627

Map

Map showing Castilly Henge

Castilly Henge is an oval some 66 metres in its long axis. It lies beside the A391 near its junction with the A30 trunk road at Innis Downs, near Lanivet. The earthwork is surrounded by a bank 1.8 metres high and an internal ditch measuring 2.1 metres deep by 5.5 metres wide. The earthwork is aligned north south with an entrance at the northern end and is thought to date from Neolithic times.

Castle an Dinas Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, St. Columb

Grid reference SW946624

Map

Map showing Castle an Dinas Hill Fort

One of Cornwall's best preserved hill forts, Castle an Dinas dates from the Iron Age and is truly outstanding. Approximately 220 metres in diameter the almost circular structure consists of twin ramparts set atop a 200 metre high hill. The impressive inner rampart is over 7 metres high and is cut in six places to fom entrance ways.

Castle Canyke Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Bodmin

Grid reference SX086658

Map

Map showing Castle Canyke Hill Fort

Castle Canyke Hill Fort is rather impressive. From the air it can be seen to be a slightly squashed circle, with a diameter of almost 350 metres at its greatest extent by just over 300 metres along the other axis. It is the largest hill fort in Cornwall and is in a prime location in the middle of Cornwall. The 1 metre deep ditch surrounds ramparts 3 metres high. Some sources speculate that nearby Callywith is actually the Kellywic recorded in Arthurian texts.

Cubert Common Round Barrow

Bronze Age Barrow, Cubert

Grid reference SW781594

Map

Map showing Cubert Common Round Barrow

Located about a mile north of Cubert lies the Bronze Age Cubert Round Barrow. It has a diameter of over 30 metres and stands allmost 3 metres high.

Cubert Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Cubert

Grid reference SW786577

Map

Map showing Cubert Inscribed Stone

Cubert Inscribed Stone lies built into the west wall of the church at Cubert, near Newquay. It is thought to date from the late sixth century and has the following inscription: CONETOCI FILI TEGERNOMALI - Conetocus son of Tegernomalus.

Cubert Round

Neolithic Round, Cubert

Grid reference SW796574

Map

Map showing Cubert Round

Cubert Round is an ancient circular earthwork, some 70 metres in diameter just outside of Cubert Village. The site is in a poor state of repair with the village road cutting straight through the site from northwest to southeast.

Cuby Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Tregony

Grid reference SW927453

Map

Map showing Cuby Inscribed Stone

Cuby Inscribed Stone lies built into the corner of Cuby Church near Tregony in Mid Cornwall. Its inscription reads: 'NONNITA ERCILIVI RICATI TRIS FILI ERCILINCI' which is translated as 'Nonnita, Ercilius, Ricatus, the three children of Ercilincus'. The stone is thought to date from the late sixth century.

Dingerein Castle Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Gerrans

Grid reference SW882376

Map

Map showing Dingerein Castle Hill Fort

Over 100 metres in diameter, Dingerein Castle Hill Fort is almost circular and has twin ramparts ranging between 2.7 and 3.0 metres high. Its name is thought to come from the Cornish Dyn gerens - which means castle or fort of Gerens (or Gerent). It is situated on the eastern side of the A3078 near Gerrans village.

Dodman Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Gorran

Grid reference SX001399

Map

Map showing Dodman Cliff Castle

Like most Cliff Castles, Dodman Cliff Castle makes excellent use of the landscape. The headland at Dodman Point is surrounded on three sides by the sea with its landward access across its 'neck' controlled by large earth ramparts. In some places the bank attains a height of over six metres with the total area enclosed by the rampart almost 50 acres (20 ha).

Four Barrows Round Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow, Silverwell

Grid reference SW762248

Map

Map showing Four Barrows Round Barrows

The four Bronze Age round barrows at Silverwell, near Chiverton Cross lie on either side of the A30 trunk road. One three metre high barrow lies to the north of the road whilst the other three, all similar in size, lie to the south.

Griffin's Point Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Mawgan Porth

Grid reference SW842664

Map

Map showing Griffin's Point Cliff Castle

Griffin's Point Cliff Castle lies between Mawgan Porth and Watergate Bay on the North Cornish Coast. Dating from the Iron Age, three ramparts enclose a small clifftop area

Helman Tor Enclosure

Neolithic Enclosure, Lanlivery

Grid reference SX061617

Map

Map showing Helman Tor Enclosure

Helman Tor Enclosure lies on the western flank of Helman Tor. Thought to date from Neolithic times, the low rocky banks enclose the tops of the tor and include at least one round house within an ancient field system. In structure it closely resembles Carn Brea above Redruth

Hensbarrow Round Barrow

Bronze Age Barrow, Roche

Grid reference SW997575

Map

Map showing Hensbarrow Round Barrow

Hensbarrow Round Barrow lies almost two miles southeast of Roche deep in China Clay Country. It stands 312 metres up on the highest point of the surrounding land and has been used as a beacon in the past. The Bronze Age structure is quite impressive in itself, standing 5.4 metres high and with a diameter in excess of 35 metres.

Kelsey Head Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Cubert

Grid reference SW765608

Map

Map showing Kelsey Head Cliff Castle

Kelsey Head Cliff Castle lies on the northern section of Kelsey head near Holywell Bay. The headland is bounded by a V-shaped rampart standing 1.5 metres high with an external ditch. The rampart encloses an area of almost 2.5 acres (1 Hectare) and is appoximately 220 metres long.

Lancarffe Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Bodmin

Grid reference SX082689

Map

Map showing Lancarffe Inscribed Stone

Lancarffe Inscribed Stone lies a mile northeast of Bodmin. Dating from the 5th or 6th century AD, the stone is part of a farm building. The inscription reads DVNOCATI HIC IACIT FILI MERCAGNI, translating as Dunocatus lies here,son of Mercagnus.

Lanivet Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Lanivet

Grid reference SX039642

Map

Map showing Lanivet Inscribed Stone

Lanivet Inscribed Stone now stands within Lanivet church. Thought to date from the sixth century AD, the metre tall stone bears the inscription 'ANNICV FIL' which translates to 'Annicus son...'

Leskernick Stone Circles

Neolithic Stone Circle, Bodmin

Grid reference SX188796

Map

Map showing Leskernick Stone Circles

A pair of stone circles lying just to the west of Bolventor. The southern circle has a diameter of just over 30 metres. However, of the 22 former stones only one remains upright and that is little more than a stump. Approximately 300 metres to the northwest lies another circle with at least 18 stones still visible.

Lesquite Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, Lanivet

Grid reference SX071628

Map

Map showing Lesquite Quoit

This ruined quoit or dolmen lies beside a minor road off the B3269 near Trebyan, Lanivet. Otherwise known as the Lanivet Quoit or Trebyan Quoit, the structure is recorded as fallen as early as 1858. The five metre long capstone lies propped up against an upright almost two metres tall.

Longstone Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, Roche

Grid reference SW987601

Map

Map showing Longstone Mênhir

Otherwise known as the Menevegar Mnhir, this Bronze Age standing stone used to be situated on Longstone Downs, St. Austell but was moved due to the expansion plans of a china clay pit. It now stands on a green at the junction of Fore Street and Harmony Road, Roche. Its plaque states that it was moved in August 1970.

Mount Charles Mênhir

Bronze Age Menhir, St. Austell

Grid reference SX030521

Map

Map showing Mount Charles Mênhir

Mount Charles Menhir lies in the grounds of School on the A3061 near St. Austell. Otherwise known as 'The Longstone', this Bronze Age granite Menhir stands 3.5 metres tall on the former Gwallon Downs prehistoric site.

Nanstallon Roman Fort

Roman Roman Fort, Bodmin

Grid reference SX034670

Map

Map showing Nanstallon Roman Fort

Formerly thought to have been the only Roman Fort in Cornwall, Nanstallon Roman Fort lies at Tregear Farm near Bodmin. Measuring 97 metres by 87 metres, the fort is orientated north-south. Excavated between 1965 and 1969, the fort was surrounded by ramparts and a ditch as you would expect but much of the archaeology has been obscured by modern field walls. Artifacts recovered suggest that the fort was occupied between 60-80AD.

Nine Maidens Stone Row

Bronze Age Stone Row, St Columb

Grid reference SW937676

Map

Map showing Nine Maidens Stone Row

Nine Maidens Stone Row lies on the eastern side of the A39 Atlantic Highway, just north of the Padstow roundabout at Winnard's Perch. The site was once thought to be the only stone row in Cornwall, prior to others being discovered on Bodmin Moor. As expected, the row consists of nine stones aligned southwest to northeast, with six remaining upright. The stones range in height from 1 metre to 1.9 metres although the northernmost fallen stone is 3.0 metres long. The site is aligned to a former longstone or menhir some 500 metres away to the northeast.

Pencarrow Rings Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, Bodmin

Grid reference SX040700

Map

Map showing Pencarrow Rings Hill Fort

A 90 metre diameter central area is surrounded by a rampart approximately 3.4 metres high. Another, slightly more oval rampart surrounds this area, some 115 metres in diameter and 3.0 metres high. The whole structure is surrounded by a ditch about 1.6 metres deep.

Penhale Point Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Cubert

Grid reference SW758531

Map

Map showing Penhale Point Cliff Castle

Penhale Point Cliff Castle lies to the south of Holywell Bay in North Cornwall and is best approached along the coast path. The interior is defended by Iron Age ramparts some 2.5 metres high. To the south of the castle the structures have been obscured or obliterated by mining activities of more recent times.

Prideaux Castle Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, St Blazey

Grid reference SX059556

Map

Map showing Prideaux Castle Hill Fort

Prideaux Castle Hill Fort is a quadrivallate Iron Age hillfort situated atop a 133 m (435 ft) high conical hill near the southern boundary of the parish of Luxulyan. It is best reached via a footpath from a minor road leading off the A390 at St Blazey. Two of a possible three ramparts still survive surrounding the oval-shaped fort. Dimensions: 235 x 160 metres with ramparts between 1.3 and 2.7 metres high.

Redcliff Castle Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, St Eval

Grid reference SW848696

Map

Map showing Redcliff Castle Cliff Castle

Redcliff Castle, an Iron Age cliff castle overlooks Bedruthan Steps near Padstow. Two ramparts, approximately two metres high guard the headland and have associated ditches. The castle area has been reduced over the years by erosion, its original size now unknown.

Restormel Roman Fort

Roman Roman Fort, Lostwithiel

Grid reference SX102611

Map

Map showing Restormel Roman Fort

Only discovered in 2007, Restormel Roman Fort lies about a quarter of a mile southwest of Restormel Castle near Lostwithiel. The fort has the usual rectangular plan surrounded by a rampart and ditch. Artifacts discovered indicate that the fort was home to Legio II Augustus throughout the Roman occupation of Britain. It measures 77 metres by 64 metres.

Resugga Castle Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, St Stephen

Grid reference SW940510

Map

Map showing Resugga Castle Hill Fort

Resugga Castle is an almost circular Iron Age hill fort near St. Stephen. Measuring 116m by 100m, there is an entrance way on the northwest section. It is surrounded by a rampart three metres high with an external one metre deep ditch.

St Piran's Round

Iron Age Round, Goonhavern

Grid reference SW779545

Map

Map showing St Piran's Round

St. Piran's Round lies beside the B3254 to the west of Goonhavern. Almost circular, the 45 metre diameter enclosure is bounded by a 2.5 metre high rampart with an external ditch 1.5 metres deep. The earthwork is thought to date from Iron Age times and has been used in modern times as a venue for the meeting of the bards at the Cornish Gorsedd as well as 'miracle plays.

St. Clement Inscribed Stone

Post Roman Inscribed Stone, St Clement

Grid reference SW851439

Map

Map showing St. Clement Inscribed Stone

St. Clement Inscribed Stone lies within St. Clement churchyard and stands ovr three metres high. Its 6th century inscription reads: VITALI FILI TORRICI, which translates as 'Vitalus, son of Torricus'.

St. Dennis Hill Fort

Iron Age Hill Fort, St Dennis

Grid reference SW951583

Map

Map showing St. Dennis Hill Fort

St. Dennis Hill Fort surrounds St. Dennis church atop a conical hill near Indian Queens. Located just to the south of the A30 trunk road, its position effectively controls all the land north across Goss Moor to Castle an Dinas and indicates how the Iron Age people used high points in the landscape to control this ancient trade route through Cornwall. Circular in shape the twin ramparts are about 113 metres in diameter.

The Devil's Quoit

Neolithic Quoit, St Columb

Grid reference SW923619

Map

Map showing The Devil's Quoit

The Devil's Coyt is situated near to the Trekenning roundabout on the A39 near St. Columb Major. Resembling the Quoits at Chun and Mulfra in the far west, records show that the Quoit or Dolmen was still erect until the 18th century. Its enclosed chamber measuring 2.1m x 1.8m x 2m high, covered with a large capstone. A support stone was removed from the western side in the early 1800's, with the quoit partially collapsing in the 1840's. Some thirty years later the quoit was broken up and remained lost until 1977 when its fragments were discovered during pipe-laying operations.

Trevelgue Downs Round Barrows

Bronze Age Barrow, Newquay

Grid reference SW834638

Map

Map showing Trevelgue Downs Round Barrows

Trevelgue Downs Round Barrows, Newquay

Two Bronze Age bowl barrows, approximately 26 metres in diameter lie close to the cliff edge near Zachry's Islands, Trevelgue. The stand 3.7 metres tall and stand proud of the landscape. On excavation, the easternmost barrow was found to have contained a stone cist complete with human skeleton, currently on display at the Royal Cornwall Museum in Truro.

Trevelgue Head Cliff Castle

Iron Age Cliff Castle, Newquay

Grid reference SW825631

Map

Map showing Trevelgue Head Cliff Castle

Trevelgue Head Cliff Castle, Newquay

Situated as it is close to the summer holiday resort of Newquay, Trevelgue Head Cliff Castle is usually overlooked by all but a handful of interested visitors. The castle is thought to date from the Iron Age although two Bronze Age barrows have been located indicating that the area has been utilised for even longer. Seven ramparts, ranging from 2 metres to 4 metres high, protect the interior making it probably the best defended cliff castle in Cornwall. Excavations in the mid twentieth century discovered at least fourteen roundhouses as well as Roman coinage.

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