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Megaliths, Mênhirs and Stone Circles of South East Cornwall
Bake Rings Settlement Enclosure
Iron Age Enclosure, Pelynt
Grid reference SX187549
Bake Rings Settlement Enclosure is located about a mile west of Pelynt. The circular one metre high rampart has a diameter of 90 metres with an outer ditch and dates from the Late Iron Age.
Berry Castle Enclosure
Neolithic Enclosure, St Neot
Grid reference SX197689
Berry Castle is roughly rectangular in plan lies on a hilltop about one mile northeast of St. Neot. With dimensions of 110 metres long x 82 metres wide x 1.5 metres high. Not in the best of preservation, the bank appears as a tumble of stones enclosing the sites of eight Neolithic or Early Bronze Age round houses.
Black Tor Round House Settlement
Bronze Age Settlement, Temple
Grid reference SX158733
Black Tor Round House Settlement lies on Bodmin Moor near the village of Temple. Thought to date from the Bronze Age the settlement covers a wide expanse of open moorland and encloses no fewer than 80 round houses. The houses range in size between 5m and 11m diameter, with walls on average 1 metre high. The majority of the dwellings have south or southeast-facing entrances.
Bury Down Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, Lanreath
Grid reference SX188594
Bury Down Iron Age Hill Fort lies in aprominent position on the western flank of a hill about 2 km north of Lanreath. The fort consists of two oval ramparts, quite widely spaced with diameters of 170m and 195m. The outer rampart is now very indistinct but the inner retains much of its original structure with a maximum height of 4.5 metres.
Cadson Bury Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, St. Ive
Grid reference SX343674
Cadson Bury Hill Fort lies on the crest of a hill overlooking the Lynher Valley, near St. Ive. Dating from the Iron Age, the oval shaped fort has dimensions of 275 metres by 170 metres. The rampart has a height of 2 metres on the inside. The outer height of the rampart is exagerated by the slope of the hill.
Castle Dore Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, Golant
Grid reference SX103548
An Iron Age fort thought to have been built around about 200 BC and used at several times throughout its 2000 years in existence. It is situated beside a minor road about two miles north of Fowey. Almost circular, the twin ramparts reach a height of almost five metres, surrounded by an outer ditch.
Castle Dore is quite well known in Arthurian texts as it was said to be the 6th century home of King Mark of Cornwall. Where history ends and legend begins is clouded by time. There was however a King of the Dumnonii around this time known as Mark Cunomorus or Mark Cynvawr. He was the father of Tristan (Drustans) whose name appears near Fowey on an inscribed stone. The fort was also occupied to some extent during the seventeenth century in the English Civil War.
Neolithic Henge, Callington
Grid reference SX371685
Castlewich Neolithic Henge lies on a hillside about one mile southeast of Callington. It has a diameter of about 90 metres.
Craddock Moor Stone Circle
Neolithic Stone Circle, Minions
Grid reference SW249718
Craddock Moor Stone Circle lies on Bodmin Moor almost a mile northwest of the Hurlers at Minions. The circle originally thought to number 28 stone now displays just seventeen and, all but one of these lie on the ground. There is a line of sight alignment between Craddock Moor Stone Circle, Stowe's Hill and Tregarrick Tor, indicating quite accurately the position of mid-winter sunset and midsummer sunrise.
Craddock Moor Stone Row
Neolithic Stone Row, Minions
Grid reference SW24377208
Craddock Moor Stone Row lies about half a mile northwest of Craddock Moor Stone Circle. The line of 85 stones stretch for over 250 metres and are aligned SW-NE
Neolithic Enclosure, St. Neot
Grid reference SX174678
Crowpound Enclosure stands beside a crossroads about half a mile west of St. Neot. Roughly rectangular in shape with dimensions of 52m x 40m, with the long axis aligned roughly north-south. It is hard to date accurately due to the lack of any associated archaeological evidence.
Duloe Stone Circle
Bronze Age Stone Circle, Duloe
Grid reference SX236583
Duloe Stone Circle lies just of the B3254 in Duloe Village. This rather small monument, a squashed circle of eight stones, approximately 12 metres diameter is still quite impressive due to its dazzling stones of white quartzite. Its tallest stone is 2.7 metres in height.
Giant's Hedge Earthwork
Post Roman Earthwork, Looe
Grid reference SX141572
The Giant's Hedge is a massive earthwork lying between Lerryn and Looe, a distance of almost 10 miles. Sadly now broken into sections, the longest being the 5.5 miles between Lerryn and the hamlet of Muchlarnick. The earthwork is thought to date from post Roman times and may have been the boundary of an ancient tribal kingdom.
Goodaver Stone Circle
Bronze Age Stone Circle, Bolventor
Grid reference SX210752
Goodaver Stone Circle lies on the top of a hill near Bolventor. Dating from the Bronze Age, it has an approximate diameter of 32 metres. Threequarters of the original stones remain upright.
Hall Rings Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, Pelynt
Grid reference SX214555
Hall Rings Iron Age Hill Fort lies almost a mile northeast of Pelynt Church. Like many forts Hall Rings stands on a spur of land overlooking a valley. Not in the best state of preservation, only the southwestern section remains visible. The fort comprises two concentric rings of about 145 metres diameter, surrounded by external ditches. Lies nea to the Bake Rings Settlement enclosure.
Hurlers Stone Circles
Bronze Age Stone Circle, Minions
Grid reference SX258714
Possibly one of the most well known ancient monuments in Cornwall. Situated just to the northwest of the moorland village of Minions on Bodmin Moor. Dating from the Bronze Age the three circles lie close to each other and are aligned in a NNE direction. The northernmost circle has 15 stones present out of an original 24, although four are not upright. The circle, approximately 35 metres in diameter is the most circular of the three rings.
The middle ring is less circular and has diameters varying between 41 and 43 metres. Only half of the original 29 stones remain standing.
The southernmost circle has less than a third of its 29 stones remaining in a circle of 33 metre diameter. Nearby lie the Pipers, a pair of 2 metre tall standing stones of unknown date and origin.
King Doniert's Stone
Post Roman Inscribed Stone, St. Cleer
Grid reference SX236688
King Doniert's Inscribed Stone lies on moorland at Redgate near St. Cleer. The walled area offers a chance to inspect the pair of stones here at your leisure. The intricately carved stones resemble parts of a tall cross: A shaft and a base. The base is inscribed DONIERT ROGAVIT PRO ANIMA which translates as 'Doniert ordered this (memorial) for (the sake of) his soul'. Doniert is thought to be synonymous with Dungarth, a 9th century king of Cornwall.
Largin Castle Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, West Taphouse
Grid reference SX169646
Situated within Largin Wood on a spur of a hill above the Fowey River. It has twin ramparts and an internal diameter of about 100 metres by 70 metres. The inner rampart attains a height of almost 3 metres in places and has an entrance way on its southern side.
Lewannick Inscribed Stones
Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Launceston
Grid reference SX276807
Situated near Launceston, one of the Inscribed Stones lies in the churchyard whilst the other is housed inside the church. Both have inscriptions in Ogam as well as Latin and are thought to date from the early 6th Century. The churchyard stone displays INGENVI MEMORIA - 'To the memory of Ingennus'. The stone within the church has the inscription ..C IACIT VLCAGNI - '(here) lies Ulcagnus'
Nine Stones Stone Circle
Bronze Age Stone Circle, Launceston
Grid reference SX236782
Nine Stones Stone Circle lies near North Hill, on the eastern flank of Bodmin Moor. The circle has a diameter of about 15 metres, its eight remaining stones ranging from 1.0 metre to 1.3 metres high. It is thought to date from the Early Bronze Age.
Padderbury Top Hill Fort
Iron Age Hill Fort, Liskeard
Grid reference SX314611
Situated near Doddycross, Menheniot, this Iron Age hill fort has an outer diameter of approximately 130 metres. Its ramparts and bank form a structure almost 3 metres high with a small entrance on the eastern side.
Pelynt Round Barrows
Bronze Age Barrow, Pelynt
Grid reference SX200544
Pelynt Round Barrow Cemetery lies just to the south of Pelynt. Consisting of at least ten Bronze Age bowl barrows, there are faint traces of others discernible as crop marks from the air. The largest barrow has a diameter of 24 metres and a maximum height of 1.5 metres. Several barrows were opened in the mid-nineteenth century with finds including a greenstone axe, urn cremations, a bronze dagger and a Mycenean dagger originating in the eastern Mediterranean and dating from about 1500BC.
Rame Head Cliff Castle
Iron Age Cliff Castle, Rame Peninsula
Grid reference SX418484
Rame Head Iron Age Cliff Castle lies in the far east of the county. The narrow neck of the headland displays a well defined ditch with an entrance way cut in its centre, generally though the cliff castle is in a poor state of repair. A 14th Century chapel dedicated to St. Michael lies in the middle of the headland.
Bronze Age Barrow, Minions
Grid reference SX260719
Rillaton Round Barrow lies on Bodmin moor about half a mile northeast of the Hurlers Stone Circle at Minions. Situated on the crest of a slope, the barrow contained a stone cist with a skeleton inside along with a ceremonial dagger. It has achieved fame as the excellent Bronze Age Rillaton Gold Cup was found here in 1818. The barrow has an approximate diameter of 37 metres and stood 2.4 metres high. A copy of the Rillaton Gold Cup can be seen in the Royal Cornwall Museum in Truro.
Bronze Age Enclosure, Minions
Grid reference SX258725
Stowe's Pound Tor Enclosure lies close to the Cheeswring Tor and Quarry, near Minions on Bodmin Moor. The enclosures stand atop Stowe's Hill and are roughly oval in shape. The smaller enclosure lies to the south, very close to the Cheesewring itself. It has dimensions of 130 x 80 metres with a stone rampart up to 5 metres high in places. The larger northern enclosure is 300 x 200 metres with a rampart 1.5 metres high. The northern enclosure contains two cairns dating from the Bronze Age as well as a stone round house. Within the enclosure also lies the markings of more than 100 round houses
Taphouse Ridge Round Barrows
Bronze Age Barrow, West Taphouse
Grid reference SX143633
Taphouse Ridge Round Barrows lie alongside the A390 road just under a mile west of West Taphouse. The Bronze Age barrows have an approximate W to E alignment and consist of two groups of four barrows. The western section have diameters of between 15 metres and 22 metres, whilst the eastern section are slightly larger with diameters of between 17 metres and 28 metres. Both groups exhibit the effects of treasure hunters and have robbed out centres.
The Tristan Stone
Post Roman Inscribed Stone, Fowey
Grid reference SX110524
The Tristan Stone is an inscribed stone located about a mile north of Fowey alongside the A3082. Otherwise known as The Longstone, it is thought to date from the mid 6th century and has been moved a number of times in its lifetime. The granite pillar, some 2.7 metres tall is inscribed in latin. The inscription reads: DRUSTANUS HIC IACIT CUNOWORI FILIUS, which is translatated as 'Here lies Drustan, son of Cunomorus'. [See the entry for nearby Castle Dore]
Neolithic Quoit, Liskeard
Grid reference SX259688
One of Cornwall's most impressive ancient monuments. Trethevy Quoit lies between the villages of Tremar and Darite in St Cleer parish about 4 kilometres north of Liskeard. Otherwise known as a Cromlech or Quoit, Trethevy is more properly known as a Neolithic Portal Dolmen and dates from about 3500 BC. Standing over 3 metres tall the structure is topped by a massive capstone some 4.2 metres long and estimated to weigh about 11 tonnes. The chamber enclosed has approximate dimensions of 2 metres by 1.5 metres