Perranzabuloe Mining District - Cargoll Mine
OS Explorer Map 106: Grid reference SW835542
Situated about 2 miles south of St. Newlyn East, the sett of Cargoll Mine is now a 'wind farm' immediately north of the present Carland Cross roundabout on the A30. It is often overshadowed by its more famous neighbour - East Wheal Rose. The mine is described as having worked from 'ancient times' although records only survive from the middle of the nineteenth century.
The mine worked the ground from Mitchell's Engine Shaft - its engine house housing a 72-inch pumping engine and also from Daubuz's Engine Shaft via a 70-inch pumping engine. Thomas Spargo also reports in his account below that Cargoll also possessed a 24-inch whim engine and a waterwheel.
Mining Historian Thomas Spargo reports in his book 'The Mines of Cornwall and Devon: Statistics and Observations' (1865) that Cargoll was '... in the Parish of Newlyn, in 916 shares. Purser, Mr. Edward Mitchell. Manager, Capt. John Grose, Newlyn. Mineral Owners, Bishop of Exeter and Ecclesiastical Commissioners. Dues 1s. 4d. in the pound. Adit, 22 fathoms deep. Depth under adit, 120 fathoms. 152 men, 31 females, and 41 boys employed'on the works. Rock clay-slate. 2 steam-engines pumping water: one of 72-inch, other 70-inch. 1 winding-engine, 24-inch cylinder. There is also a 30-feet water-wheel drawing water.
The mine was suspended in 1870, with all work underground ending. The mine did however work its stockpiles or burrows for several more years. Records of production are very patchy. We have the following information gleaned from historian J. H. Collins in his book of 1912 entitled 'Observations on the West of England Mining Region', he reports that between 1849 and 1864 Cargoll produced over 6,890 tons of lead, whilst between 1845 and 1884, Cargoll produced 9,800 tons of lead, 177,400 ounces of silver, as well as copper and the sulphides of zinc (blende) and iron (pyrite).
Now that 'World Heritage' status has been achieved Cornwall in Focus will monitor developments and learn how the mines of the Perranzabuloe District fare within the overall Mining framework.
For those of you with
possibly a little more time to explore, once you've done
bit', why not explore Cornwall's industrial heritage through its Tin and Copper Mines or learn more from my Cornish Bookstore