The Mines of the Carnon Valley - North Wheal Jane
OS Explorer Map 105: Grid reference SW789440
North Wheal Jane lies 2 miles west of Truro, near the hamlet of Newbridge, in Kenwyn parish. Otherwise known as Besore Mine or Wheal Evelyn, it was chiefly a tin mine also producing sizeable amounts of arsenic and iron ore as well as Silver-Lead. North Wheal Jane worked three major lodes from a number of shafts. Main Lode ran just north of the road from Hugus to Newbridge and was worked from Western Footway Shaft, Gossan Shaft, Kerr's Shaft, Kerr's Footway Shaft, New Shaft and Mitchell's Shaft. Ready Money Lode was worked from Ready Money Shaft whilst Lead Lode was worked from Carne's Shaft, Engine Shaft and Bull Shaft. Its nearest neigbours were East Wheal Falmouth (1 mile away) and Wheal Jane Mine about one and a half miles away to the southwest.
Production records state that North Wheal Jane sold 74 tins of black tin, 370 tons of arsenic and 340 tons of iron ore in the period between 1861 and 1875. There is also a report of over 69 tons of silver ore being sold in 1864.
A good account of the state of North Wheal Jane in the mid 1860's comes from Thomas Spargo's book of 1865, entitled 'Statistics and Observations on the Mines of Cornwall and Devon' where he writes '... in Kenwyn, Cornwall, in 6,000 shares. Purser, Mr. Thorman Woodward, Truro. Secretary, Mr. William Bartlett, Bucklersbury, London. Manager, Captain James Rowe, Camborne. Landowners, Lord Falmouth and J. W. Buller, Esq. Dues, 1-18th. Depth of adit, 30 fathoms; depth under it, 40 fathoms. Pumping-engine, 30-inch. 31 men, 13 females, and 20 boys employed. 3 water-wheels stamping tin, lifting 15 heads, Rock, clay-slate and elvan.
For more information on production dates and so on please see Roger Burt's excellent book Cornish Mines: Metalliferous and Associated Minerals, 1845-1913 (Mineral Statistics of the United Kingdom, 1845-1913).
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