St Agnes Mines - Royal Polberro
Grid reference SW715515
Also known as Royal Polberro Consols and at one time Polberon Mine, this enterprise lies between Newdowns Head and Trevaunance Cove to the west of St. Agnes. It includes North Seal Hole Mine, Wheal Kine, Trevaunance Mine, Wheal Pye, Wheal Pell, and Turnavore, as well as the smaller mines of Wheal Squidler, Park Dolgo, East Trevaunance and Wheal Prosper, with the easternmost mines later absorbed by Wheal Kitty.
This rather large sett can be thought of as three distinct areas. To the west lies North Seal Hole Mine, Wheal Kine and Trevaunace Mine. In the centre lies Wheal Pell and Wheal Pye. To the east lies Polberro and Trevaunance Mines. The consolidated mine extracted copper and tin from a large number of lodes: Buckingham's Lode, otherwise known as Copper Gossan Lode, North House (Main) Lode, Davis' Lode, Pye Lode, Harris' Lode, Trevaunance Lode, Ellery's Lode, White Lode, Cly's Lode, Bradley's Lode, Broad House Lode, Pink Lode, South Tin Lode and Copper Lode.
A great number of shafts are dotted across the sett. These include Fortune Shaft, Gentle Shaft, Witta (or Wilts) Shaft, Viger's Shaft, Park Sump Shaft, East Pell West Shaft, East Pell Engine Shaft, North Pell Shaft, East Pye Shaft, South Park Shaft, Detastet Shaft, Tredenna Shaft, Shop Shaft, West Polberro Shaft, North Seal Hole Shaft, Humphrey's Shaft, Sump Shaft, Turnavore Shaft and Old Polberro Shaft.
Mining historian Thomas Spargo writes in his report of 1865 entitled 'The mines of Cornwall and Devon; statistics and observations' that Polberro (formerly Polberron) Consols, was
Records of production at Polberro Consols are as follows:
'World Heritage' status has been gained for this area. Cornwall in Focus are waiting to see just how the St. Agnes mines fit into the overall mine restoration framework.
For those of you with
possibly a little more time to explore, once you've done
bit', why not explore Cornwall's industrial heritage through its Tin and Copper Mines or learn more from my Cornish Bookstore